Joints and Motion (Skeletal System) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Joints and Motion (Skeletal System) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Joints and Motion (Skeletal System) Deck (26)
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1

Articulating bones are fastened together by a thin layer of dense connective tissue

Fibrous joint

2

Articulating bones are connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage

Cartilaginous joint

3

Articulating ends of bones are surrounded by a joint capsule of ligaments and synovial membranes

Synovial joint

4

Ball shaped head of one bone articulates with the cup shaped cavity of another

Ball and socket joint

5

Oval shaped condyle of one bone articulates with elliptical cavity of another

Condyloid joint

6

Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved

Gliding joint

7

Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another

Hinge joint

8

Cylindrical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and ligament

Pivot joint

9

Articulating surfaces have both concave and convex regions; the surface of the bone fits the complementary surface of another

Saddle joint

10

Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together

Flexion

11

Straightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increases and the parts move farther apart

Extension

12

Movement at the ankle that brings the foot farther from the shin

Plantar flexion

13

Movement at the ankle that brings the foot closer to the shin

Dorsiflexion

14

Extension of the parts at a joint beyond the anatomical position

Hyperextension

15

Moving a part away form the midline

Abduction

16

Moving a part toward the midline

Adduction

17

Moving a part around an axis

Rotation

18

Moving a part so that its ends follows a circular path

Circumduction

19

Turning the hand so that the palm is downward or facing posteriorly

Pronation

20

Turning the hand so the palm is downward of facing posteriorly

Supination

21

Turning the foot so the plantar surface faces medially

Inversion

22

Turning the foot so that the planter surface faces laterally

Eversion

23

Moving a part backward

Retraction

24

Moving a part forward

Protraction

25

Raising a part

Elevation

26

Lowering a part

Depression