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Flashcards in Histology Deck (91)
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1

What are the four categories of tissues?

epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous

2

What does the Epithelial tissues include?

simple, stratified, pseudostratified, transitional, glandular

3

What are the shapes of epithelial tissue?

squamous, cuboidal, columnar

4

what are the three types of connective tissues?

protein fibers, mixed, fluid

5

what do the protein fibers include?

dense, loose, adipose, reticular

6

what do the mixed tissues include?

cartilage, bone, fluid

7

What are the only fluid connective tissues we have?

blood

8

what are the 3 types of muscle tissue?

skeletal, smooth, cardiac

9

what are the types of nervous tissue?

glial, neuron

10

An epithelial tissue that has one layer

simple

11

An epithelial tissue that has many layers

stratified

12

filling between the cells

interstitial/ extracellular matrix

13

Most abundant tissue in the body

connective tissue

14

Where are connective tissues found?

throughout the body

15

What are connective tissues composed of?

Scattered cells with abundant intercellular material

16

What are the functions of connective tissues? (9)

bind structures, support, framework, fill spaces, store fat, produce blood cells, protects against infection, repairs tissue damage

17

produced by connective tissue cells and excreted to their exterior, separates living cells

extracellular matrix

18

what does the extracellular matrix consist of?

ground substances and fibers

19

composed of water and adhesion proteins

ground substance

20

allowing connective tissue cells to attach themselves to the matrix fibers embedded in the ground substance

adhesion proteins

21

strands of collagen, elastin, or reticular protein

protein fibers

22

mixture of fibers and hard mineral deposits

protein fibers and ground substance

23

loose

areolar

24

refers to cartilage

chondro

25

space

lacunae

26

what are the 2 categories of connective tissues?

dense and loose

27

what do dense protein fiber matrix include?

regular and irregular

28

attachment for basement memberane

loose

29

protein matrix with fat containing cells scattered throughout

adipose

30

netlike meshwork of the collagen fibers that helps hold tissues in place and sometimes helps to filter particles from fluids passing through it

reticular

31

what are the types of mixed matrix?

cartilage and bone

32

what are 3 types of cartilage?

elastic, hyaline, fibrocartilage

33

external ear, parts of larynx

elastic

34

ends of bones, joint linings

hyaline

35

invertebral disks, knees and pelvic girdle

fibrocartilage

36

cartilage cells; lie within lacunae

chondrocytes

37

bone cell

osteocyte

38

what are the 2 types of bone tissues?

compact, spongy

39

outer covering of all bones and along shafts of large bones

compact

40

scaffolding of bone inside a shell of compact bone

spongy

41

liquid matrix (blood plasma) and circulating blood cells

fluid matrix

42

Groups of cells with similar structures and functions working together to carry out a specific function

tissue

43

the study of tissues

histology

44

exposed to outside or open space internally

free surface

45

lacks blood cells

avascular

46

contains nerves

innervated

47

prevents virus and bacteria to enter

rapid mitosis

48

what are the functions of tissues?

physical and chemical protection, sensory reception, secretion, absorption, excretion

49

looks like it's layered but it's not; nuclei in different spots of cells

pseudostratified

50

flattened cells

squamous

51

box-like cells

cuboidal

52

pillar like cells

columnar

53

elastic cells that flatten as stretched

transitional

54

what are all epithelial tissues anchored to?

basement membrane

55

where is the simple squamous found?

lungs, capillaries, alveoli

56

what does the simple squamous do?

exchange gases, lines blood and lymph vessels and body cavities

57

Where are the simple cudboidal found?

ovaries, kidney tubules, ducts of glands

58

what does the simple cudboidal epithelium do?

secretion and absorption in kidneys, secretion in glands

59

where are the simple columnar found?

uterus, stomach, intestines

60

what does the simple columnar do?

protects underlying tissues, secretes digestive fluids, absorbs nutrients, increase surface area

61

where are the stratified squamous found?

skin, mouth, throat, vagina, anal canal

62

what does the stratified squamous do?

prevents water and substances from escaping, blocks chemicals and microorganisms

63

where are stratified cuboidal found?

mammary gland, sweat gland, pancreas, salivary glands

64

what does the stratified cuboidal do?

provides more protection

65

where are the stratified columnar found?

vas deferens, male urethra, parts of the pharynx

66

what does the stratified columnar do?

protects underlying tissue

67

where are the pseudostratified columnar found?

respiratory tubes

68

what does the pseudostratified columnar do?

line and sweep debris

69

where are transitional epithelium found?

urinary bladder, ureter, superior urethra

70

what does the transitional epithelium do?

desensibility and keeps urine from diffusing, expandable lining

71

where are the glandular epithelium found?

digestive system, respiratory system, skin, salivary, pancreatic, sweat, mammary glands

72

what does the glandular epithelium do?

secrete products into ducts, secrete in body fluids and blood

73

secretes products into ducts

exocrine

74

secrete in body fluids and bloode

endocrine

75

Considered to be organs because they are composed of more than one type of tissue

Epithelial membranes

76

What are epithelial membranes made of?

Epithelium and connective tissue

77

What are the four main types of epithelial membranes?

Serous, mucus, synovial, integumentary

78

Most common connective tissue

fibroblast

79

cordlike or bandlike mass of white fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone

tendon

80

cell that secretes mucus

goblet

81

concentric rings of bone cells

lamellae

82

skin gland that secretes sebum

sebaceous gland

83

discs that provide special connection in cardiac muscle

intercalated disc

84

protein in white fibers of connective tissues and in bone matrix

collagen

85

What are the characteristics of skeletal muscle?

voluntary, striated

86

What are the characteristics of smooth muscle?

involuntary, visceral

87

What are the characteristics of cardiac muscle?

Branched, striated

88

Where are nervous tissues located?

Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves

89

Bone forming cells

Osteoblasts

90

Refers to a type of cell

-Cyte

91

Cells that erode bone

Osteoclasts