Human Cell Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Human Cell > Flashcards

Flashcards in Human Cell Deck (53)
Loading flashcards...
1

movement; move something or itself

microvilli

2

Let's certain thing go through

cell membrane

3

lipid metabolism detoxification of drugs ,deactivates steroids, absorbs lipids

smooth ER

4

houses DNA & chromosomes

nucleus

5

allows certain molecules to exit

nuclear pores

6

fluid that suspends the chromatin and nucleolus

nucleoplasm

7

ribosome synthesis

nucleoulus

8

synthesize proteins

ribosome

9

site of protein synthesis; ribosome attachment, synthesize lipids, transports materials in cells

Rough ER

10

Keeps cell in shape, also used for movement

cytoskeleton

11

produce ATP, release energy, cellular respiration

mitochondria

12

digest worn cellular parts or substances that enter cells

lysosome

13

contain and transport substances

vescicle

14

thin, form bundles and meshwork, provide cell movement

microfilament

15

packages proteins for transport and secretion

golgi body

16

occupy space between nucleus and ribosomes; contain protein enzymes

cytoplasm

17

propel fluid over surfaces

ciclia

18

Support most weight in cell, support cytoplasm and move substances

microtubules

19

a cellular organelle built of microtubules that organizes the mitotic spindle

centriole

20

Controls what comes in and out of cells

Cell membrane

21

Allows some molecules in and out of cell

Selectively permeable

22

Cells are made up of what 3 parts?

Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm

23

What are the functions of the proteins found in cell membranes?

Structure, recognition, channel, receptors, transport, adhesion

24

Helps with the stability of the cell membrane, makes less permeable for water soluble things

Cholesterol

25

Combination of phospholipid and embedded proteins/cholesterols, not in a stationary position

Fluid mosaic model

26

Two types of transport mechanisms account for movement of various substances across cellular membranes (2)

Passive and active

27

What are the 4 types of passive transport?

Diffusion, carrier proteins, osmosis, ion channels, filtration

28

What are the 5 types of active transport?

Na-K pump, proton pump, phagocytosis, pinocytosis, exocytosis

29

Where are organelles found?

Cytoplasm

30

Clear liquid in cytoplasm

Cytosol