Flashcards in Federalism Quiz Deck (80)
Medicare and Medicaid
Two most expensive funded programs
Medicare is for old ppl, Medicaid is for poor ppl
Welfare and foodstamps (what 2 specific programs)
What percent of state Al expenditures ?
What percent of federal expenditures?
Aid to dependent children and SNAP (food stamp program)
Money states must contribute that isn't included in grant
Reg or conditions of aid (conditions a state must follow in order to receive a fed grant in aid)
What are the 2 types of categorical grants? What is most regulated/ least regulated? What are they?
Project grants- (most regulated) money awarded through competitive application process for specific purpose, states write out detailed plans that meet congresses guidelines, not all states that apply are rewarded
Formula grant- (least regulated) money distributed automatically to states based on some mathematical formula (population, per capita income) spelled out in law
What are block grants?
Much fewer mandates
Much broader in scope, not as precise, least regulated
What's main source of federal funding? What 2 programs account for the most? What percent is this?
Medicare and Aid to Families with Dependent Children
New federalism/ devolution revolution
What's the best example?
Give power back to states
Repub party initiative
1996 Welfare Reform Act (poster child)
What's the recent trend when it comes to grants to states
Creeping categorization (congress adding more conditions to block grants)
Funds given to state and local govt "in lieu" of property taxes on federal property (no strings at all)
Revenue sharing (1972-1986)
No longer occurs
Payments in which federal govt shares some fed taxes to state and local govts for local needs identified by local officials with very few conditions
What are the four types of mandates? Define them.
1. Project specifications - specific guidelines as to how funds are to be used
2. Matching funds- sts must cover a percent of program costs (Medicaid)
3. Cross over sanctions- using federal money in 1 program to influence state policy in another
4. Cross-cutting sanctions- a condition in one federal grant is extended to all activities supported by all other fed grants
Fed courts rulings
Orders by federal courts that increase costs on states
What 3 cases show recent willingness by the courts (for the first time) to narrow commerce powers? These represent supreme courts recent commitment to - or - as the welfare to work law did for congress
1. US v Lopez
2. United States v Morrison
3. Printz v United States
Devolution revolution (new federalism)
Full faith and credit clause
What's not upheld?
Each state must give full faith and credit to the public acts, records, and civil proceedings of other states
Quicke divorces not upheld
Privileges and Immunities Clause
The more - the right, the less likely - against citizens can occur
Requires each state to grant all the privileges and in immunities offered in that state to citizens of other states
Sts are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state
Fugitive slave law
What made it invalid?
(Made invalid by 13 amendment)
Forbid state laws that freed slaves escaping from another state
What are the 3 national obligations to states?
1. Guarantees each state has a
republican form of government
2. Protection from foreign invasion and domestic violence
3. Respect boundaries of each state