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Flashcards in Federalism Quiz Deck (80)
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61

Medicare and Medicaid

Two most expensive funded programs

Medicare is for old ppl, Medicaid is for poor ppl

62

Welfare and foodstamps (what 2 specific programs)

What percent of state Al expenditures ?
What percent of federal expenditures?

Aid to dependent children and SNAP (food stamp program)

Also expensive

25%
18%

63

Matching funds

Money states must contribute that isn't included in grant

64

Mandates

Reg or conditions of aid (conditions a state must follow in order to receive a fed grant in aid)

65

What are the 2 types of categorical grants? What is most regulated/ least regulated? What are they?

Project grants- (most regulated) money awarded through competitive application process for specific purpose, states write out detailed plans that meet congresses guidelines, not all states that apply are rewarded

Formula grant- (least regulated) money distributed automatically to states based on some mathematical formula (population, per capita income) spelled out in law

66

What are block grants?

Much fewer mandates
Much broader in scope, not as precise, least regulated

67

What's main source of federal funding? What 2 programs account for the most? What percent is this?

Categorical grants

Medicare and Aid to Families with Dependent Children

85%

68

New federalism/ devolution revolution

What's the best example?

Give power back to states
Repub party initiative

1996 Welfare Reform Act (poster child)

69

What's the recent trend when it comes to grants to states

Creeping categorization (congress adding more conditions to block grants)

70

Lulu payments

Funds given to state and local govt "in lieu" of property taxes on federal property (no strings at all)

71

Revenue sharing (1972-1986)

No longer occurs

Payments in which federal govt shares some fed taxes to state and local govts for local needs identified by local officials with very few conditions

72

What are the four types of mandates? Define them.

1. Project specifications - specific guidelines as to how funds are to be used
2. Matching funds- sts must cover a percent of program costs (Medicaid)
3. Cross over sanctions- using federal money in 1 program to influence state policy in another
4. Cross-cutting sanctions- a condition in one federal grant is extended to all activities supported by all other fed grants

73

Fed courts rulings

Orders by federal courts that increase costs on states

74

What 3 cases show recent willingness by the courts (for the first time) to narrow commerce powers? These represent supreme courts recent commitment to - or - as the welfare to work law did for congress

1. US v Lopez
2. United States v Morrison
3. Printz v United States

Devolution revolution (new federalism)

75

Full faith and credit clause

What amendment?

What's not upheld?

14 amend

Each state must give full faith and credit to the public acts, records, and civil proceedings of other states

Quicke divorces not upheld

76

Privileges and Immunities Clause

What article?

The more - the right, the less likely - against citizens can occur

Art. IV

Requires each state to grant all the privileges and in immunities offered in that state to citizens of other states

Fundamental, discrimination

77

Extradition clause

What article

Art IV

Sts are required to return a person charged with a crime in another state to that state

78

Fugitive slave law

What article?

What made it invalid?

Art IV

(Made invalid by 13 amendment)

Forbid state laws that freed slaves escaping from another state

79

What are the 3 national obligations to states?

1. Guarantees each state has a
republican form of government
2. Protection from foreign invasion and domestic violence
3. Respect boundaries of each state

80

Overall advantages of federalism (3)

1. Decentralizes by election process (divides electorate)
2. Decentralization politically (divides power)
3. Allows for diversity in policy (minority vote)