Final-Chapter 14 Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final-Chapter 14 Part 2 Deck (21):
1

What is anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa (anorexia) is a condition in which a person reduces eating to the point that their body weight is significantly low, or less than minimally expected. in adults, this is likely associated with a BMI

2

What is bulimia nervosa?

Bulimia nervosa (bulimia) is a condition in which a person develops a cycle of “binging,” or overeating enormous amounts of food at one sitting, and then using unhealthy methods to avoid weight gain which causes physical consequences. Binge‐eating disorder also involves uncontrolled binge eating but differs from bulimia primarily in that individuals with binge‐eating disorder do not purge. In both the person lacks a sense of self control.

3

What are the cause of eating disorders.

The greatest risk of eating disorders appear to be an adolescent or young adult female. Genetic components appear to be significant, but there are also a link between culture and eating disorders. Eating disorders are less common in non‐Western cultures because there are different values placed on eating and on starvation for socially‐recognized
reasons.

4

What are dissociative disorders?

Dissociative disorders are Characterized by disruption and/or discontinuity in the normal integration of: Consciousness, Memory, Identity, Emotion, Perception, Body representation, Motor control, and Behavior. Some example are Dissociative Amnesia (including Dissociative Fugue), Dissociative Identity Disorder (“Multiple Personality Disorder), and Depersonalization‐Derealization Disorder.

5

What is dissociative amnesia?

Dissociative Amnesia is the inability to recall autobiographical information, it is selective or generalized. It is not attributable to effects of a drug or neurological/medical condition. (Note, this criterion is common to many disorders)

6

What is dissociative fugue?

Dissociative fugue occurs when a person forgets their identity and moves to new location.

7

What is dissociative identity disorder?

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is the disruption of identity, characterized by two or more distinct personality states. Recurrent gaps in recall of everyday events, personal information, or traumas.

8

What is depersonalization-derealization disorder?

Depersonalization‐Derealization Disorder is a dissociative disorder in which individuals feel detached and disconnected from themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings. Individuals experiencing these symptoms may think they are “going crazy”

9

What are some of the causes of dissociative disorders?

People with dissociative disorders have some role of abuse/trauma, Psychodynamic theories, behavioral theories, and Biological reasons. People with a mild form of dissociative disorder have lower brain activity in areas responsible for sense of body awareness than do those without.

10

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe disorder in which the person suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, and hallucinations, and is unable to distinguish between fantasy and reality. Psychotic is the break away from an ability to perceive what is real and what is fantasy that is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking and speech, disorganized and abnormal motor behavior, and negative symptoms. Disorganized thinking is about form not content such as clanging or stringing words together on basis of sound , Word salad (jumbled speech), and loose associations.

11

Describe schizophrenia delusions?

Delusions are false beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness such as delusions of persecution, delusions of reference, delusions of influence, and delusions of grandeur (or grandiose delusions).

12

What is schizophrenia disturbed perceptions?

Disturbed perceptions occurs when a schizophrenic person may perceive things that are not there (hallucinations equals perceptions without sensation). The most common hallucinations are auditory hallucinations.

13

What are the positive, negative, and disorganized symptoms.

Positive symptoms are “excess” including hallucinations and delusions. Negative symptoms are “deficits” such as apathy, alogia (poverty of speech), anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure), and flat affect. Disorganized symptoms are speech and motor behavior.

14

What are some examples of abnormal motor behavior?

Examples of abnormal motor behavior include Grimaces, odd facial expressions, repeated/eccentric gestures, and rigidity.

15

What are the cause of schizophrenia?

Most modern theories of schizophrenia focus on biological explanations. Biological explanations of schizophrenia focus on dopamine, structural defects in the brain, prenatal influences, and genetic influences.

16

What is the stress vulnerability model?

The stress‐vulnerability model assumes a biological sensitivity, or vulnerability, to a certain disorder that will develop under the right conditions of environmental or emotional stress. The book focuses on this model in terms of schizophrenia, but studied as part of many disorders.

17

What is a personality disorder?

Personality disorders are disorders in which a person adopts a persistent, rigid, and maladaptive pattern of behavior that interferes with normal social interactions. These disorders include Paranoia, Schizoid, Schizotypal, Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Avoidant, Obsessive‐Compulsive, and Other Specified Personality Disorder.

18

What is antisocial personality disorder?

Antisocial personality disorder is when a person has no morals or conscience and often behaves in an impulsive manner without regard for the consequences of that behavior.

19

What is borderline personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder is a maladaptive personality pattern in which the person is moody and unstable, lacks a clear sense of identity, and often clings to others.

20

What is Taijin kyofusho (TKS)?

Taijin kyofusho (TKS) is a social anxiety characterized by a fear of offending others.

21

What is Ataque de nervios (“attack of nerves”).

Ataque de nervios (“attack of nerves”) is similar to panic disorders, but may include symptoms like aggression/screaming and suicidal impulses.