Flashcards in G543 - Affective Disorders - Depression Deck (6)
How are affective disorders characterised?
Affective disorders are characterised by strong emotions which influence am individual's ability to function normally. Depression is one of the most common affective disorders
What are the two types of depression?
Major depression and manic depression
What is major depression?
An episode of depression that can occur suddenly. May be reactive (caused by external factors) or endogenous (caused by internal factors)
What is manic depression?
Also known as bipolar. It is the alteration between two extreme moods. Mood changes occur in a regular cycle - mania followed by depression
DSM-IV classification of single episode depression
Five or more of the following symptoms:
Insomnia most nights
Fidgeting or lethargy
Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
Less ability to concentrate
Recurrent thoughts of death
The symptoms are not caused by medication, or situations such as bereavement and they are enough to hinder the person from normal day-to-day functioning