G543 - Upbringing - Wilkstrom And Tafel Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G543 - Upbringing - Wilkstrom And Tafel Deck (12)
1

What method of data collection was used?

Self-report

2

What design was used?

Snap-shot/cross-sectional

3

How many boys and girls was the questionnaire distributed to? What year were they in, what age?

200 boys and girls in year 10 aged 14-15

4

What was the return rate for the questionnaire?

93%

5

Who were then selected for participation in a more in-depth interview process?

A random subset of approximately 20% of respondents

6

What was the more in-depth interview process?

Space-time budget analysis

7

What 5 key risk factors were found to make offending more likely?

- weak family and school bonds
- truancy
- social class
- disadvantaged neighbourhood
- poor self-control

8

What three groups of adolescent offender were identified?

Situationally limited offenders
Life-style dependent offenders
Propensity-induced offenders

9

What were situationally limited offenders?

Well-adjusted youths who may offend if they have a risky life-style. They are unlikely to turn to a life of crime

10

What are life-style dependent offenders? What does involvement in crime depend on?what may be a major reason for offending?

Neither poorly nor well adjusted youths. Involvement in crime depends on whether their life-style frequently brings them into situations of risk. Poor influence may be a major reason for offending

11

What are propensity-induced offenders? Likely to have a high what? Regardless of?

Poorly adjusted individuals likely to have a high rate of offending regardless of life-style risk

12

What did they aim to analyse the relationship between?

Individual factors, lifestyle risk and adolescent offending

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