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Flashcards in G543 - Self-efficacy - Bandura Deck (15)
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0

What was the aim of bandura's study?

To assess the self-efficacy of patients engaging in systematic desensitisation for snake phobias.

1

What was the type of experiment used?

Quasi-experiment

2

Who were the participants?

10 snake phobic patients. 9 female and 1 male aged 19-57 years.

3

What did the participants reply to?

An advertisement

4

What did bandura measure at the start of the study?

The participants' level of fear and also their perception of how well they could cope.

5

What was the first stage of systematic desensitisation?

Participants first looked at pictures of snakes under controlled conditions.

6

What was the second stage of systematic desensitisation?

Once the arousal levels had fallen they were put in the same room as the snakes.

7

What was recorded again after the desensitisation stage?

The participants' fear and coping perception of the snakes.

8

What did the results show about the second fear scores?

They were significantly lower

9

What did the results show about the coping perception scores?

They were significantly higher.

10

How does the experiment support the concept of self-efficacy?

The activities led to a change in perception.

11

What does the activities leading to a change in perception show about self-efficacy?

It's both a cognitive and behavioural concept.

12

Why is self-efficacy a cognitive concept?

Because of the perception that affects the behaviour.

13

Why is self-efficacy a behavioural concept?

Because the perception is learned from past experiences (enactive influences)

14

Link self-efficacy to classical conditioning.

The desensitisation comes from associating the snake with nothing happening.

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