Flashcards in G543 - Self-efficacy - Bandura Deck (15)
What was the aim of bandura's study?
To assess the self-efficacy of patients engaging in systematic desensitisation for snake phobias.
What was the type of experiment used?
Who were the participants?
10 snake phobic patients. 9 female and 1 male aged 19-57 years.
What did the participants reply to?
What did bandura measure at the start of the study?
The participants' level of fear and also their perception of how well they could cope.
What was the first stage of systematic desensitisation?
Participants first looked at pictures of snakes under controlled conditions.
What was the second stage of systematic desensitisation?
Once the arousal levels had fallen they were put in the same room as the snakes.
What was recorded again after the desensitisation stage?
The participants' fear and coping perception of the snakes.
What did the results show about the second fear scores?
They were significantly lower
What did the results show about the coping perception scores?
They were significantly higher.
How does the experiment support the concept of self-efficacy?
The activities led to a change in perception.
What does the activities leading to a change in perception show about self-efficacy?
It's both a cognitive and behavioural concept.
Why is self-efficacy a cognitive concept?
Because of the perception that affects the behaviour.
Why is self-efficacy a behavioural concept?
Because the perception is learned from past experiences (enactive influences)