G543 - Managing Stress - Budzynski Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G543 - Managing Stress - Budzynski Deck (12)
1

What type of method was used? What were participants trained in?

Experimental method. Participants trained in a lab

2

Who were the participants?

18 people (16 male 2 female) who replied to an advert in a newspaper in Colorado

3

What type of design was used?

Independent measures

4

How many therapy groups were there? How were pps assigned to these?

3, randomly

5

Group A:
1. How many sessions?
2. What were they taught?
3. What were they told?
4. What did slower clicks indicate?

1. 16 sessions, 2 a week for 8 weeks
2. Relaxation techniques
3. The clicks of the machine would reflect muscle tension
4. Less tension

6

Group B:
1. How many sessions?
2. What were they told to concentrate on?
3. What type of feedback were they given?

1. 16 sessions, two a week for 8 weeks
2. Told to concentrate on the varying clicks
3. Given pseudo feedback

7

Group C:
1. What were they not given?
2. When were they told they would begin training?

1. Training
2. In 2 months

8

After 3 months, which group's tension was significantly lower than what other group?

Group A's tension was significantly lower than group B's

9

Which groups reported headaches dropped significantly from their baseline?

Group A's, whereas the others didn't

10

Which group did drug usage also decrease in?

Group A, more than group B

11

what did Budzynski conclude that biofeedback was effective in? So can be seen as what?

It was an effective way of relaxing patients and reducing tension headaches so can be seen as an effective method of stress management

12

What did Budzynski aim to find out?

Whether biofeedback is an effective method of reducing tension headaches

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