Flashcards in G543 - Managing Stress - Michenbaum Deck (17)
What type of experiment was it?
When were the students assessed?
Before and after treatment
What were the students assessed with?
Self-reports and grade averages
How many students took part in the study? What was their age range? What did they respond to?
21 students aged 17 - 25 who responded to an advert for treatment of test anxiety
What design was used?
How were participants allocated to the groups?
What were the groups matched on?
Gender and anxiety levels
How many therapy sessions were the SIT group given?
What approach were the SIT group given? What did this help the pps do?
The insight approach to help them identify their thoughts prior to the tests
What were the SIT group given as well as the insight approach?
Positive statements to say and relaxation techniques to use in test situations
How many therapy sessions were the systematic desensitisation group given?
What type of training were the systematic desensitisation group given?
Progressive relaxation training which they were encouraged to practice at home
What were the control group put on?
A waiting list and told they would receive treatment in the future
Which group showed the greatest improvement on test scores?
The SIT group, but the significant difference was between the two therapy groups and the control groups
Which group showed more reported improvement in their anxiety levels?
The SIT group, although both therapy groups showed overall improvement compared to the control group
What did Michenbaum conclude SIT is more effective than? Why?
More effective than behavioural techniques such as systematic desensitisation as it adds a cognitive component to the therapy