Flashcards in G543 - Imprisonment - Sattar Deck (17)
What were the sample groups?
- offenders in the community serving community sentences
- offenders in prison in England and Wales
What comparisons were also made with the general population?
Death rate comparisons
Data was collected on offenders who died in what years? Whilst under what?
96 and 97 whilst under community supervision or in prison in England and Wales
How many deaths of community offenders were recorded?
How many death of prisoners were recorded?
Information in death certificates was used to code for what?
Mode of death
How many times more was the community offenders' overall mortality rate than the prisoners' rate? And the male general population rate?
2 times. 4 times
What were the figures for overall mortality rate in 1996 for community offenders, prisoners and the general population? And in 1997?
96 - 431.1, 218.8, 109.7
97 - 464, 191.7, 107.5
What were community offenders and prisoners relatively similar in terms of?
Death rates for natural causes and death rates for suicide
What were the figures for natural causes of death in 96 and 97 for community offenders and prisoners?
96 - 96.0, 90.5
97 - 86.5, 71.0
What were the figures for suicide for community offenders and prisoners in 96 and 97?
96 - 98.4, 101.9
97 - 109.6, 87.3
How many times more was the accidental death rate for community offenders compared to prisoners in 1996? And in 1997?
5 times. 9 times
What does SMR stand for?
Standardised mortality ratio
What did the SMRs show? Especially for what type of offender?
Even with age standardisation, offenders were more vulnerable to death than the greater population, especially for community offenders
What were both offender groups similarly vulnerable to? However what was greater for community offenders?
Suicide. The risk of accidental death and homicide
What also played a bigger part in the death of community offenders?
Alcohol and drugs