G543 - Upbringing - Akers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G543 - Upbringing - Akers Deck (6)
1

How many participants were selected? What age range? With what?

2500 males and females ages 13-18 with drinking and drug problems

2

What 5 key factors did Akers propose as predictors of learning deviant behaviour?

Imitation
Differential association
Definitions
Differential reinforcement - social
Differential reinforcement - non-social

3

What did Akers find to be a very important factor in learning drink and drug behaviour?

Imitation

4

For imitation, what % variation was there in drinking behaviours? And drug behaviours? What does this provide support for?

55% in drink, 68% in drug, the social learning theory

5

What did Akers suggest were important in explaining how deviant behaviour is learned? What does this provide support for?

Differential association, and definitions of what is acceptable/not acceptable. Provides support for the differential association theory

6

What did Akers aim to test?

The social learning theory proposed by Bandura which suggests we learn through imitation, and the differential association theory proposed by Sutherland

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