G543 - Turning To Crime: Cognition - Kohlberg Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in G543 - Turning To Crime: Cognition - Kohlberg Deck (13)
0

What was the aim?

To find evidence in support of a progression through stages of development

1

How many participants did Kohlberg use in his initial 1981 study?

58 boys

2

What ages were the participants?

7, 10, 13 and 16

3

Where were the participants from?

Chicago

4

What background were the participants from?

Working & middle class

5

What was each boy given during the study?

A 2-hour interview with 10 dilemmas that they had to solve

6

What happened to some boys after the study?

They were followed up at 3-yearly intervals up to age 30-36

7

Where did Kohlberg extend his study to?

The UK, Mexico, Taiwan, Turkey and Yucatan

8

What stages did younger boys tend to perform at?

Stages 1 and 2

9

What stages did older boys tend to perform at?

Stages 3 and 4

10

What does the fact that younger boys performed at lower stages than older boys support?

Development through stages

11

What were the patterns found in this study consistent with?

Cross cultural studies

12

What results found by Thornton and Reid's study in 1982 suggest that Kohlberg's theory can be applied to different types of criminality?

Criminals committing crime for financial gain show more immature reasoning than those committing violent crimes.

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