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Flashcards in G543 - Imprisonment - Gillis And Nafekh Deck (15)
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How many federal offenders were studied?



When were the offenders conditionally released between?

January 1998 and January 2005


What % were male and what % were female?

95% and the rest were female


What was content analysis done on?

Data from Canada's offender management system on the 23,525 offences in the sample


What design was used?

Matched pairs


What two groups were participants divided into?

Those who were employed prior to release on a special employment programme and those who were unemployed


Name 4 things they were matched on

Gender, risk level, release year, sentence length


What was the average time for the whole sample to get employment on the outside?

6 months for males 10 months for females


Those on employment schemes prior to finishing their sentence were more likely to do what? And less likely to do what?

Stay on conditional release. Futon to custody with a new offence


In which group was the median time to return longest?

Employment group - 37 months to return compared to 11 months for unemployed group


What percentage of offenders from what group stayed on conditional release at the end of the study period?

70% of the employed group compared to 55% of the unemployed group


What are the implications of this study?

Employment-based programmes play an important role in the last few months of offending, giving the, some of the skills needed and helping them integrate into the community


What needs to be offered for offenders with more severe deficits in learning?

More tailored programmes


What are employment programmes just as important as?

Drug rehabilitation or anger management programmes


What did they aim to investigate the effect on?

Recidivism rates of a community based employment scheme

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