Flashcards in Generic Drug Makers See a Drought Ahead Deck (23)
generic [dʒɪnerɪk] 2
And now the makers of generic drugs fear it, too.
[ADJ] [usu ADJ n] A generic drug or other product is one that does not have a trademark and that is known by a general name, rather than the manufacturer's name.
회사 이름이 붙지 않고 일반 명칭으로 판매되는
This year, more than 40 brand-name drugs lost their patent protection, meaning that generic companies were permitted to make their own lower-priced versions of well-known drugs.
[NOUN] A permit is an official document which says that you may do something. For example you usually need a permit to work in a foreign country.
Generic companies were permitted to make their own lower-priced versions of well-known drugs and share in the profits that had exclusively belonged to the brands.
*share in the profits: 그 profit에 동참하다.
That’s great for large pharma, but that also means the opportunities theoretically have dried up for generics.
[VERB] [adverb] [intr] to become barren or unproductive; fail
he large generics company Watson acquired a European competitor, Actavis, in October, vaulting it from the fifth- to the third-largest generic drug maker worldwide.
[VERB] If you vault something or vault over it, you jump quickly onto or over it, especially by putting a hand on top of it to help you balance while you jump.
lucrative [lu:krətɪv] 1
As one consequence of the approaching cliff, executives for generic drug companies say, they will no longer be able to rely as much on the lucrative six-month exclusivity periods that follow the patent expirations of many drugs.
[ADJ] A lucrative activity, job, or business deal is very profitable.
그 기간들동안, FDA에 처음 진정서를 낸 회사들이 성공적으로 특허에 도전했다.
During those periods, companies that are the first to file an application with the Food and Drug Administration, successfully challenge a patent.
그는 그 회사를 상대로 소송을 걸었다.
He filed a suit against the company (with the court.)
그는 구청에 민원을 냈다.
He filed a complaint with the 구청
The exclusivity windows can give a quick jolt to companies.
[NOUN] [usu sing] If you have a window in your diary for something, or if you can make a window for it, you are free at a particular time and can do it then.
[VERB] If something jolts someone, it gives them an unpleasant surprise or shock. Jolt is also a noun. [N-COUNT]
2012년의 첫 9달동안, 복제의약품의 판매는 전년도 동기 대비 19퍼센트 올랐습니다.
During the first nine months of 2012, sales of generic drugs increased by 19 percent over the same period in 2011.
*over the same period in 2011=on year.
fickle [fɪkəl] 1
patent [pætənt] 1
But those exclusive periods also make generic drug makers vulnerable to the fickle cycle of patent expiration.
[ADJ] If you say that something is fickle, you mean that it often changes and is unreliable.
[NOUN] A patent is an official right to be the only person or company allowed to make or sell a new product for a certain period of time.
어딜가나 나에게 특허 위기에 대해서 물어요.
I can’t go anywhere without being asked about the patent cliff
* I can't go anywhere without being asked about
미국의 복제품의 6분의 일은 데바의 제품으로 처방됩니다.
One in six generic prescriptions in the United States is filled with a Teva product.
* fill a prescription: 처방대로 조제하다.
Mr. Levin also said he planned to cut costs, announcing last week that he intended to trim from $1.5 to $2 billion in expenses over the next five years.
[VERB] If a government or other organization trims something such as a plan, policy, or amount, they reduce it slightly in extent or size.
Mr. Levin and Ms. Bresch each said that generic companies could gain an edge by expanding into global markets.
[NOUN] [oft N over n, N in n/-ing] If someone or something has an edge, they have an advantage that makes them stronger or more likely to be successful than another thing or person.
contraceptive [kɒntrəseptɪv] 1 3
But Mylan’s revenue has gotten a lift in recent years from sales of the antiallergy product EpiPen, and Watson sells branded contraceptives and other women’s health products.
[NOUN] A contraceptive is a device or drug that prevents a woman from becoming pregnant.
그러나 밀란의 수익은 요 근래에 안티알러지 상품인 에피펜의 판매로부터 엄청나게 올랐다.
But Mylan’s revenue has gotten a lift in recent years from sales of the antiallergy product EpiPen.
* get a lift
the best example, since it sells the blockbuster multiple sclerosis drug Copaxone.
[NOUN] [INFORMAL] A blockbuster is a film or book that is very popular and successful, usually because it is very exciting.
excel [ɪksel] 2
Analysts said Watson excelled at this tactic.
[VERB] If someone excels in something or excels at it, they are very good at doing it.
Teva and Mylan are each pursuing generic forms of the asthma medicine Advair, which has been hard to copy because it combines two drugs that are inhaled through a device.
[VERB] When you inhale, you breathe in. When you inhale something such as smoke, you take it into your lungs when you breathe in.
2009년 테바는 스위스 회사인 론자와 합작하여 biosimilars 를 개발하여 왓슨과 유사한 프로젝트를 합작했습니다.
In 2009, Teva formed a partnership with the Swiss company Lonza to develop biosimilars, and the biotechnology company Amgen is teaming up with Watson on a similar project.