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Flashcards in North Korea's Latest Provocation Deck (13)
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북한은 장거리 로켓을 만들고 위성을 발사하는데 필요한 돈과 전문지식을 보유한 나라 대열에 합류해 오고 있습니다.

North Korea has joined the ranks of countries with the money and expertise to build and launch a long-range rocket and put a satellite into space.
*join the ranks of ~: ~의 대열에 합류하다.
*put a satellite into space: 위성을 발사하다.
[NOUN] Expertise is special skill or knowledge that is acquired by training, study, or practice.


solidify [səlɪdɪfaɪ] 2

The country’s young leader, Kim Jong-un, has probably solidified his political control in the process.
[VERB] If something such as a position or opinion solidifies, or if something solidifies it, it becomes firmer and more definite and unlikely to change.입지를 탄탄하게 하다.


fall apart

Wednesday’s launch is an embarrassment for China, which has failed to restrain North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs in any significant way since an American-North Korean agreement that froze the North’s plutonium program fell apart in 2002.
*to be old or in bad condition and break or break into pieces


United Nations Security Council

resolution [rezəlu:ʃən] 1 3

Under United Nations Security Council resolutions, North Korea is banned from developing nuclear- and missile-related technology.
*유엔 안전 보장 이사회(유엔 안보리)
[NOUN] [usu N supp, oft N num] A resolution is a formal decision taken at a meeting by means of a vote.결의안


defiant [dɪfaɪənt] 2

Mr. Kim seems as defiant of those demands as his father, Kim Jong-il, who died last December.
[ADJ] If you say that someone is defiant, you mean they show aggression or independence by refusing to obey someone.
[VERB] If you defy someone or something that is trying to make you behave in a particular way, you refuse to obey them and behave in that way.


redemption [rɪdempʃən] 2

disintegrate [dɪsɪntɪgreɪt] 2

The week’s missile launch is an act of political redemption for Mr. Kim; a launch in April failed as the rocket disintegrated soon after takeoff.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] Redemption is the act of redeeming something or of being redeemed by something.*redeem실수를 만회하다
[VERB] If an object or substance disintegrates, it breaks into many small pieces or parts and is destroyed.


북한인들은 미사일의 꼭대기에 알맞기에 충분히 작은 핵 탄두를 생산할 수 있기엔 여전히 갈 길이 멉니다.

The North Koreans still have a way to go before they are able to produce a nuclear warhead that is small enough to fit on top of a missile,.
*still have a way to go before
~하기엔 여전히 갈 길이 멀다.


noteworthy [noʊtwɜ:rði] 1

Still, it is noteworthy that just months after a spectacular failure, the North Koreans have corrected their mistakes.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] A fact or event that is noteworthy is interesting, remarkable, or significant in some way.


withhold [wɪðhould] 2

Several years ago, China reportedly withheld fuel supplies from North Korea for a few days to signal its disapproval of the North’s ambitions.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you withhold something that someone wants, you do not let them have it.보류하다


이 번에는 중국이 그 발사에 대해 유감이라고 말했지만 조치가 있기라도 한다면 어떤 조치를 취할 것인지에 대해서 아무런 말/신호를 해오지 않고 있습니다.

This time, China said it “regrets” the launching but has given no indication what steps, if any, it would take.
*if any


rein in

abhor [æbhɔ:r] 2

Though, as a senior American official told The Times, China’s continued failure to rein in Mr. Kim will result in an even greater American military presence in the Pacific, something the Chinese government would abhor.
*[VERB] [adverb] to stop (a horse) by pulling on the reins
[VERB] [FORMAL] If you abhor something, you hate it very much, especially for moral reasons.


extort [ɪkstɔ:rt] 2

There never have been easy answers on North Korea, which uses provocative behavior to try to extort better deals from the United States and its partners.
[VERB] If someone extorts money from you, they get it from you using force, threats, or other unfair or illegal means.


trump [trʌmp]

But history suggests that China’s fear of North Korean instability will once again trump concerns about the North’s nuclear ambitions.
[VERB] If you trump what someone has said or done, you beat it by saying or doing something else that seems better.