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1

프랑스는 the Economist Intelligence Unit에 의한 교육시스템의 새로운 평가에서 25위에 올랐습니다.

France ranked twenty-fifth in a new evaluation of educational systems by the Economist Intelligence Unit.
*rank (정관사 없음) 순위

2

한국은 일등했다
한국에 ~의 부문에서 중국에 이어 2위이다.

Korea topped the list/was second to none.
Korea was second only to China in~.

3

그것이 얼마나 나쁜가에 대한 이해를 돕기위해서 (예를 들자면), 시민들이 그들이 얼마나 좋지 못한 교육을 받고 있는지에 대해서 말하는 것이 익숙한 미국의이 17위다.

To give you an idea how bad that is, the United States, whose citizens are accustomed to being told how poorly educated they are, ranked seventeenth.
*to give you an idea ~, ~에 대한 이해를 돕기 위해서 예를 들자면

4

emancipate [ɪmænsɪpeɪt] 2

proclamation [prɒkləmeɪʃən] 1 3

give heart

The French President’s emancipation proclamation regarding homework may give heart not only to les enfants de la patrie but to the many opponents of homework in this country as well.
[VERB] [FORMAL] If people are emancipated, they are freed from unpleasant or unfair social, political, or legal restrictions. 거창한 단어
[NOUN] A proclamation is a public announcement about something important, often about something of national importance.
[PHRASE] [V inflects] If something gives you heart, it makes you feel more confident or happy about something.

5

conjugate [kɒndʒʊgeɪt] 1

mindless [maɪndləs] 1

the parents who have long insisted that compelling children to conjugate irregular verbs, and outline chapters from their textbooks after school hours is (the reasons vary) mindless, unrelated to academic achievement, negatively related to academic achievement, and a major contributor to the great modern evil, stress.
[VERB] When pupils or teachers conjugate a verb, they give its different forms in a particular order.(동사의 변화를)활용시키다.
[ADJ] [usu ADJ n] [disapproval, mainly BRIT] If you describe a violent action as mindless, you mean that it is done without thought and will achieve nothing.

6

inequity[ɪnekwɪti] 2

His reason for exercising his powers in this area is to address an inequity.
[NOUN] [disapproval, FORMAL] If you refer to the inequity of something, you are criticizing it because it is unfair or unjust.

7

affluent [æfluənt]1

presumably [prɪzu:məbli] 2

He thinks that homework gives children whose parents are able to help them with it—more educated and affluent parents, presumably—an advantage over children whose parents are not.
[ADJ] If you are affluent, you have a lot of money.
[ADV] [vagueness] If you say that something is presumably the case, you mean that you think it is very likely to be the case, although you are not certain.

8

숙제는 부모들이 그들이 숙제하는 것을 도와줄 수 없는 아이들보다 그들이 숙제하는 것을 도와줄 수 있는 아이들에게 더 이점을 줍니다.

Homework gives children whose parents are able to help them with it an advantage over children whose parents are not.
*over

9

roundly [raʊndli] 1

Homework is an institution roundly disliked by all who participate in it.
[ADV] If you are roundly condemned or criticized, you are condemned or criticized forcefully or by many people. If you are roundly defeated, you are defeated completely.

10

God/Heaven forbid that~

cf) God willing

God forbid they should get a check-minus or other less-than-perfect grade on it.
*used to say that you hope that something will not happen
cf) used for expressing your hope that something will happen

11

God/Heaven forbid that~

cf) God willing

check minus

God forbid they should get a check-minus or other less-than-perfect grade on it.
*used to say that you hope that something will not happen
cf) used for expressing your hope that something will happen
*When you turn in a paper, but it's not quite good enough.

12

그에 비하면 시시프스는 운이 좋은 것입니다.

Compared to that, Sisyphus lucked out.
*luck out:[VERB] [intr, adverb] to have good fortune; be lucky

13

그 말은 숙제를 제거하면 우리의 사정이 더 나아진다는 것일까요?

Does this mean that we would be better off getting rid of it?
*better off ~ing/better off without

14

stand up

Two counts in the standard argument against homework don’t appear to stand up.
[VERB] to support, side with, or defend

15

unsubstantiated[ʌnsəbstænʃieɪtɪd]1 3

The other unsubstantiated complaint about homework is that it is increasing.
[ADJ] A claim, accusation, or story that is unsubstantiated has not been proved to be valid or true.

16

backbreaking[|bæk|breɪkɪŋ] 12

rigid [rɪdʒɪd] 1

The No. 2 country in the world, on the other hand, is South Korea, whose schools are notorious for their backbreaking rigidity.
[ADJ] demanding great effort; exhausting
[ADJ] [disapproval] Laws, rules, or systems that are rigid cannot be changed or varied, and are therefore considered to be rather severe.

17

crack down on

crammer [kræmər] 1

get around

Competition is so fierce that the government has cracked down on what are called private “crammer” schools, making it illegal for them to stay open after 10 P.M. (though some attempt to get around this by disguising themselves as libraries).
*to try harder to prevent people breaking a rule, using something harmful, committing a crime, etc. and deal severely with those who do
[NOUN] [BRIT] A crammer is a school, teacher, or book which prepares students for an exam by teaching them a lot in a short time.
[VERB] See get about, get round

18

instill

Yet both systems are successful, and the reason is that Finnish schools are doing what Finns want them to do, which is to bring everyone up to the same level and instill a commitment to equality.
*마음에 ...란 사상을 주입하다.

19

get ahead

South Korean schools are doing what South Koreans want, which is to enable hard workers to get ahead.
*[VERB] to be successful; prosper

20

핀란드와 같지 않을 것이라는 것이라고 무방할 것입니다.

Not to be like Finland is a safe guess.
*is a safe guess~라고 봐도 무방하다.

21

egalitarian [ɪgælɪteəriən]2 4

Americans have an egalitarian approach to inequality:
[ADJ] Egalitarian means supporting or following the idea that all people are equal and should have the same rights and opportunities.

22

그러나, Hollande도 일리가 있습니다.

Still, Hollande has a point.
*have a point (there): have made a good suggestion; have a good idea

23

dirty little secret

The dirty little secret of education reform is that one of the greatest predictors of academic success is household income.
*숨겨져 있지만 다들 알고 있는 사실

24

proxy [prɒksi] 1

Even the standardized tests used for college admissions, like the S.A.T.s, are essentially proxies for income.
[NOUN] If you do something by proxy, you arrange for someone else to do it for you.

25

perpetuator

perpetuate [pərpetʃueɪt] 2

the status quo

in some ways it operates as a perpetuator of the status quo.
*영속시키는 도구
[VERB] If someone or something perpetuates a situation, system, or belief, especially a bad one, they cause it to continue.
*the situation as it is now, or as it was before a recent change

26

(상대적으로)부유하지 못한 부모들은 그들의 자녀들이 거리에 나가서 나쁜짓 하지 않게 하는 수단으로서 더 많은 숙제를 원한다.

Less affluent parents are likely to prefer more homework as a way of keeping their kids off the streets.
*keeping their kids off the streets.