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Flashcards in China's water crisis-Grand new canals Deck (12)
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sluicegate [|slu:s|ɡeɪt]1

canal [kə|nӕl]2

SOON the centrepiece of one of China’s most spectacular engineering projects will be completed, with the opening of sluicegates into a canal stretching over 1,200km (750 miles) from the Yangzi river north to the capital, Beijing.
상하로 개폐할 수 있는 직 4각 판 모양의 게이트. 슬라이드 게이트 · 픽스드 롤러 게이트 · 프리 롤러 게이트 등이 있다. 슬루스 게이트
[NOUN] A canal is a long, narrow stretch of water that has been made for boats to travel along or to bring water to a particular area. 운하


kick out

make way (for somebody/something)

More than 300,000 people have been kicked out to make way for the channel and the expansion of a reservoir in central China that will feed it.
[VERB] [tr, adverb] [informal] to eject or dismiss
*make enough space for somebody/something; allow somebody/something to pass


give/pay heed (to somebody/something) [hi:d]

But the government is in a hurry, and has paid their complaints little heed.
[PHRASE] [FORMAL] If you take heed of what someone says or if you pay heed to them, you pay attention to them and consider carefully what they say.


arid [ærɪd] 1

Grain-growing areas around Beijing have about as much water per person as such arid countries as Niger and Eritrea.
[ADJ] [usu ADJ n] Arid land is so dry that very few plants can grow on it.


그나마 남아있는 얼마 안되는 물도 오염되서 산업용으로도 못쓴다.

what little is left is often too polluted even for industrial use.


palliative [pæleɪtɪv] 1

Neither will prove more than temporary palliatives as demand continues to soar and pollution remains widespread.
[NOUN] [FORMAL] A palliative is an action that is intended to make the effects of a problem less severe but does not actually solve the problem.
(격식 보통 못마땅함) (문제의 근본 원인을 해결하는 것이 아닌) 일시적인 처방, 임시방편


잘못 기획된 정책이 물이 풍부한 남부와 건조한 북부 사이의 물 공급이 맞지 않는 만큼 책임이 큽니다.

Misguided policy is as much to blame as a mismatch in supply between the water-rich south and the arid north.


colossal [kəlɒsəl] 2

Prices have risen a bit recently, but even in places where water is scarce it is ridiculously cheap, and as a result there is colossal waste.
[ADJ] [emphasis] If you describe something as colossal, you are emphasizing that it is very large.


take something into account

entice [ɪntaɪs] 2

Planners fail to take the cost of water into account, so provincial governments entice water-intensive firms to invest in desert areas and officials designate drought-prone regions as the sites of vast new cities.
*consider something when making a calculation or decision
[VERB] To entice someone to go somewhere or to do something means to try to persuade them to go to that place or to do that thing.



The Maoist obsession with food self-sufficiency compounds the problem.
[VERB] [FORMAL] To compound a problem, difficulty, or mistake means to make it worse by adding to it.



It is time for China to abandon autarkic thinking and import more food.
[NOUN] [, pl -kies] (esp of a political unit) a system or policy of economic self-sufficiency aimed at removing the need for imports


pledge [pledʒ]

Last year the Communist Party pledged to let market forces play a decisive role in allocating resources such as water, land and electricity.
[VERB] When someone pledges to do something, they promise in a serious way to do it. When they pledge something, they promise to give it.