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Flashcards in Korea: Fiery food, boring beer Deck (19)
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1

duopoly [dju:ɒpəli]1

brewer [bru:ər]

A dull duopoly crushes microbrewers.
[NOUN] [BUSINESS] If two companies or people have a duopoly on something such as an industry, they share complete control over it and it is impossible for others to become involved in it.
[NOUN] Brewers are people or companies who make beer.

2

diner [daɪnər] 1

bland [blænd]

wriggle [rɪgəl] 1

South Korean diners would not tolerate bland kimchi (cabbage pickled in garlic and chili) or sannakji (fresh chopped octopus, still wriggling on the plate).
[NOUN] The people who are having dinner in a restaurant can be referred to as diners.
[ADJ] If you describe someone or something as bland, you mean that they are rather dull and unexciting.
[VERB] If you wriggle or wriggle part of your body, you twist and turn with quick movements, for example because you are uncomfortable.

3

swill [swɪl]

So why do they swill boring beer?
[VERB] If you swill an alcoholic drink, you drink a lot of it.

4

writhe [raɪð]

tentacle [tentəkəl] 1

Local brews such as Cass and Hite go down easily enough (which is not always true of those writhing tentacles with their little suction cups).
[VERB] If you writhe, your body twists and turns violently backwards and forwards, usually because you are in great pain or discomfort.
[NOUN] [usu pl] The tentacles of an animal such as an octopus are the long thin parts that are used for feeling and holding things, for getting food, and for moving.

5

그지역 솔인 카스나 하이트는 목 넘김이 좋다.

Local brews such as Cass and Hite go down easily enough .
*go down easily

6

그러나 그것들은 별다른 감흥을 주지는 못합니다.

Yet they leave little impression on the palate.
*palate [pælɪt]1: [NOUN] [usu poss N] Your palate is the top part of the inside of your mouth.

7

palatable [pælətəbəl] 1

His idea of learning English is not always palatable to those fast-paced Korean people.
[ADJ] If you describe something such as an idea or method as palatable, you mean that people are willing to accept it.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] If you describe food or drink as palatable, you mean that it tastes pleasant.

8

skimp on

Some South Korean beers skimp on barley malt, using the likes of rice in its place.
*to spend less money or time on something than is normal or necessary

9

몇몇 한국 맥주들은 보리 엿기름을 아껴쓰는데, 보리 대신 쌀 종류들을 사용하는 겁니다.

Some South Korean beers skimp on barley malt, using the likes of rice in its place.
*in one's place: ~ 대신에

10

boozer [bu:zər]

cramped 국 [kræmpt] 1

The problem for South Korean boozers is that their national market is a cramped duopoly.
[NOUN] [BRIT, INFORMAL,INFORMAL] A boozer is a pub.
[ADJ] A cramped room or building is not big enough for the people or things in it.=confined

11

이것은 사실 상 하이트와 오비를 제외한 다른 업체들이 거품이 부글부글 거리는 그 멋진 것을 대중들에게 가져다주는 것을 막았습니다.

This in effect kept all but Hite and OB from bringing foamy goodness to the masses.
*all but=all except
*the masses: 대중들

12

premise [premɪs] 1

Smaller producers were allowed to sell their beer only on their own premises.
[NOUN] [oft on the N] The premises of a business or an institution are all the buildings and land that it occupies in one place.

13

gigantic [dʒaɪgæntɪk] 2

shoddy [ʃɒdi] 1

vat [væt]

One brewer says the loose wording of the law means some have bought gigantic but shoddy old vats to make up the difference, and simply left them unused.
[ADJ] [emphasis] If you describe something as gigantic, you are emphasizing that it is extremely large in size, amount, or degree.
[ADJ] Shoddy work or a shoddy product has been done or made carelessly or badly.
[NOUN] A vat is a large barrel or tank in which liquids can be stored.

14

그러나, 소수의 소규모 술 제조업자들만이 도전을 위해 분연히 일어서왔습니다.

However, only a handful of small brewers have risen to the challenge.
*rise to the challenge

15

서울에 있는 Mr Vroon의 술집은 매일 밤 손님들로 북적입니다.

Mr Vroon’s pub in Seoul is packed every night.

16

unpasteurised [ʌn|pæstər|aɪzd,-stjə-;ʌn|pɑ:]

Craftworks’ unpasteurised brews must be kept chilled from the vat to the tap, which creates a problem.
[ADJ] (of milk, beer, etc) not subjected to pasteurization저온살균하지 않은

17

niche [nɪtʃ] 1

Cold distribution is a tiny, pricey niche.
[NOUN] [usu with supp] [BUSINESS] A niche in the market is a specific area of marketing which has its own particular requirements, customers, and products.

18

Punitive [pju:nɪtɪv]1

experimentation

Punitive tariffs prevent brewing experimentation.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] Punitive actions are intended to punish people.
cf) punitive damages: 처벌적 배상금
damages 배상금/compensation 보상금

19

stoppage [stɒpɪdʒ] 1

These can become contaminated, causing costly stoppages.
[NOUN] [mainly BRIT] In football and some other sports, when there is a stoppage, the game stops for a short time, for example because a player is injured. The referee may add some extra time at the end of the game because of this.