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Flashcards in The Show-Off Society Deck (14)
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chide [tʃaɪd]

Mitt Romney chides lower-income Americans as being unwilling to “take personal responsibility.
[VERB] [OLD-FASHIONED] If you chide someone, you speak to them angrily because they have done something wicked or foolish.


run through

fall down on (the job)

restraint [rɪstreɪnt]2

Running through much recent conservative writing is the theme that America’s elite has also fallen down on the job, that it has lost the seriousness and restraint of an earlier era.
[VERB] [intr, preposition] to examine hastily
*to fail to do something correctly or successfully
*일을 제대로 수행하지 않다.
[NOUN] Restraint is calm, controlled, and unemotional behaviour.자제


alleged [əledʒd]2

denounce [dɪnaʊns] 2

unseemly [ʌnsi:mli]2

lavish [lævɪʃ]1

Charles Murray, whose book “Coming Apart” is mainly about the alleged decay of values among the white working class, also denounces the “unseemliness” of the very rich, with their lavish lifestyles and gigantic houses.
[ADJ] [FORMAL] An alleged fact has been stated but has not been proved to be true.
[VERB] If you denounce a person or an action, you criticize them severely and publicly because you feel strongly that they are wrong or evil.
[ADJ] [disapproval, LITERARY] If you say that someone's behaviour is unseemly, you disapprove of it because it is not polite or not suitable for a particular situation or occasion.
[ADJ] If you describe something as lavish, you mean that it is very elaborate and impressive and a lot of money has been spent on it.


ostentation [ɒstenteɪʃən] 1 3

But has there really been an explosion of elite ostentation?
[NOUN] [disapproval, FORMAL] If you describe someone's behaviour as ostentation, you are criticizing them for doing or buying things in order to impress people.과시


초기 엘리트 세대는, 뭐랄까, 오늘날의 이 우주의 정복자들보다, 정말로, 훨씬 더 자제력 있고, 예의바르다는 것이 드러났습니다.

it turns out that the lives of an earlier generation’s elite were, indeed, far more restrained, more seemly if you like, than those of today’s Masters of the Universe.
*used when you express something in a new way or when you are not confident about something뭐랄까


unpretentious [ʌnprɪtenʃəs]1 3

“The executive’s home today,” the article tells us, “is likely to be unpretentious and relatively small.
[ADJ] [approval] If you describe a place, person, or thing as unpretentious, you approve of them because they are simple in appearance or character, rather than sophisticated or luxurious.


Extramarital [|ɛkstrə|mærɪt əl] 1 2

Extramarital relations in the top American business world are not important enough to discuss.
[ADJ] (esp of sexual relations) occurring outside marriage



flaunt [flɔ:nt] 1

Actually, I’m sure there was plenty of hanky-panky, but people didn’t flaunt it.
[NOUN] [HUMOROUS, INFORMAL] Hanky-panky is used to refer to sexual activity between two people, especially when this is regarded as improper or not serious.문란한 성행위
[VERB] [disapproval] If you say that someone flaunts their possessions, abilities, or qualities, you mean that they display them in a very obvious way, especially in order to try to obtain other people's admiration.


founder [faʊndər] 1

The large yacht, Fortune tells us, “has foundered in the sea of progressive taxation.”
[VERB] If something such as a plan or project founders, it fails because of a particular point, difficulty, or problem.


recede [rɪsi:d]2

But that sea has since receded.
[VERB] If something recedes from you, it moves away. 물러나다, 멀어지다


relic [relɪk]1

In fact, in places like Greenwich, Conn., some of the “outsize mansions” Fortune described as relics of the past have been replaced with even bigger mansions.
[NOUN] [usu N of/from n] If you refer to something or someone as a relic of an earlier period, you mean that they belonged to that period but have survived into the present.


exhortation [egzɔ:rteɪʃən]1 3

Is there any chance that moral exhortations, appeals to set a better example, might induce the wealthy to stop showing off so much?
[VERB] If you exhort someone to do something, you try hard to persuade or encourage them to do it. 강력한 권고


vulgarity [vʌlgærɪti]

offensive [ə|fensɪv]2

futile [fju:təl]1

The point is that while chiding the rich for their vulgarity may not be as offensive as lecturing the poor on their moral failings, it’s just as futile.
[ADJ] If you describe something as vulgar, you think it is in bad taste or of poor artistic quality. 상스러움
*모욕적인, 불쾌한, 역겨운
[ADJ] If you say that something is futile, you mean there is no point in doing it, usually because it has no chance of succeeding.


humility [hju:mɪlɪti]2

Human nature being what it is, it’s silly to expect humility from a highly privileged elite.
[NOUN] Someone who has humility is not proud and does not believe they are better than other people. 겸손