Flashcards in Intro notes Deck (22):
What are the 5 steps of the process of science?
Observation, hypothesis, predictions and experiments, analyzing data, and scientific theory
What is the one thing required for something to be considered a hypothesis?
It has to have a yes or no answer
What does analyzing data entail?
Sorting through the statistical data and figuring out the statistical significance, and scientific publications
What is deductive reasoning?
Used in experimental designing, it's an "if, then" statement
What is another name for the independent variable?
What's another name for the dependent variable?
What are the 3 types of variables?
Independent, dependent, and control
What are two important aspects of the experimental design?
Gathering data and presenting it understandably
What is anatomy?
It describes the structures of the body (composition, location)
What is physiology?
The study of the functions of the anatomical structures (their individual and cooperative functions)
What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?
All physiological functions are performed by anatomical structures
What is the order of life from smallest to largest?
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
What are the characteristics of life?
Growth, movement, consuming energy, reproducing, responding, digestion, absorption, circulation, assimilation, excrete wastes.
What are the requirements for life?
Water, DNA, oxygen, nutrients, normal body temperatures, atmospheric pressure. All of the above must be appropriate to sustain life.
What does function reflect?
Function reflects structure.
What is homeostasis?
When all body systems are working together to maintain a stable internal environment
What is equilibrium?
When the opposing forces are in balance
What do systems respond to to function within a normal range?
Systems respond to external and internal changes to function within a normal range
What is the foundation of modern physiology?
What is the receptor?
The thing that receives the stimulus and detects change
What is the control center?
It processes the signal and sends instructions.