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Flashcards in Intro notes Deck (22):
1

What are the 5 steps of the process of science?

Observation, hypothesis, predictions and experiments, analyzing data, and scientific theory

2

What is the one thing required for something to be considered a hypothesis?

It has to have a yes or no answer

3

What does analyzing data entail?

Sorting through the statistical data and figuring out the statistical significance, and scientific publications

4

What is deductive reasoning?

Used in experimental designing, it's an "if, then" statement

5

What is another name for the independent variable?

Experimental

6

What's another name for the dependent variable?

Respondent

7

What are the 3 types of variables?

Independent, dependent, and control

8

What are two important aspects of the experimental design?

Gathering data and presenting it understandably

9

What is anatomy?

It describes the structures of the body (composition, location)

10

What is physiology?

The study of the functions of the anatomical structures (their individual and cooperative functions)

11

What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?

All physiological functions are performed by anatomical structures

12

What is the order of life from smallest to largest?

Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

13

What are the characteristics of life?

Growth, movement, consuming energy, reproducing, responding, digestion, absorption, circulation, assimilation, excrete wastes.

14

What are the requirements for life?

Water, DNA, oxygen, nutrients, normal body temperatures, atmospheric pressure. All of the above must be appropriate to sustain life.

15

What does function reflect?

Function reflects structure.

16

What is homeostasis?

When all body systems are working together to maintain a stable internal environment

17

What is equilibrium?

When the opposing forces are in balance

18

What do systems respond to to function within a normal range?

Systems respond to external and internal changes to function within a normal range

19

What is the foundation of modern physiology?

Homeostasis

20

What is the receptor?

The thing that receives the stimulus and detects change

21

What is the control center?

It processes the signal and sends instructions.

22

What is the effector?

The thing that carries out the instructions and responds