Flashcards in Last NBME Deck (32):
Bisphosphonates MOA AE?
MOA: inhibiting osteoclast activity.
AE: Corrosive esophagitis
Renal artery with String of beads sign?
If Chest X-ray shows no abnormality, then what does this mean?
Resolution was allowed by maintenance of the basement membrane integrity
For ascites, most appropriate treatment in addition to HCTZ?
Kid vomiting milk?
History of ectopic pregnancy with "Cervical motion tenderness (Chandelier sign)"
Top two bugs of PID? MC?
Chlamydia trachomatis (subacute, often undiagnosed), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (acute).
C. trachomatis—most common
Africa what bug?
Babesia where does it occur?
Chancroid vs Genital Herpes?
Genital Herpes has open sores
Which lung finding is the only one with increased fremitus?
Consolidation (lobar pneumonia)
Pneumothorax lung percussion?
Pleural effusion will have?
Decreased breathe sounds, Dull percussion and decreased tactile fremitus
Best test for hyperthyroid after TSH?
Osteogenesis imperfecta vs Achondroplasia?
dark purple-red hemorrhagic appearance of small intestine?
Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis
Runner with hemoglobin and creatinine conc. that is increased?
Myoglobin From rhabdomyolysis
Rectal Bleeding and Ulcers?
What other organ besides the liver can gluconeogenesis?
What shape does Type 2 pneumocytes have?
circular fried egg (cubodial/clustered) with llamelar
Female, Forty, Fat, Fertile?
Irregular Flailing movements?
Contralateral subthalamic nucleus
First objective sign of puberty?
Blue tinged mass?
external hemorrhoids, anal fissures, squamous cell carcinoma?
Below pectinate line
Below pectinate line artery supply?
Arterial supply from inferior rectal artery
(branch of internal pudendal artery)
Below pectinate line Venous supply?
Venous drainage: inferior rectal vein=>internal pudendal vein=>internal iliac vein=>common iliac vein=>IVC.
Below pectinate line Lymph supply?
superficial inguinal nodes.
Anal Fissure P's?
Pectinate line. Pain while Pooping; blood on “toilet” Paper. Located Posteriorly since this area is Poorly Perfused.
internal hemorrhoids, adenocarcinoma are?
Above pectinate line
Above pectinate line artery supply?
Arterial supply from superior rectal artery (branch of IMA).