Flashcards in Uworld Practice Test 1 Deck (55):
ARDS is caused by injury to?
Paget's disease of the bone is associated with?
Lump in the throat is?
What vitamin is tetratogenic?
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) MOA? Use?
MOA: inhibits neuroamindase of influenza A and B
Use: Early treatment and prevention of influenza
Cells varying in length and time show?
Fragmentation in multiples of 180 base pairs. What is this called?
Where is DNA laddering found?
During Karrhyrexis in Apoptotic cells
Why is DNA laddering used?
To distinguish between apoptotic cells and necrotic cells
When a genetic mutation is identified in the offspring but not the parents?
DM patients should always do what every day?
IL-1, TNF-alpha, IL-6 is primarily produced by? What are they produced in response to?
What is Ca2+ dependent and connects intercellular adhesions?
Low pH of udodenal content triggers release of?
Posterior displacement of the tibia? What artery is affected?
Foul Smelling Discharge after a vaginal delivery? Agent?
Person channels socially unacceptable impulses to acceptable impulses (like channeling abuse to basketball)
Tyrosine Kinase auto?
phosphorylates and dimerizes
Physician repeats what patient has told him? Defense mechanism?
Physician encourages patient to talk more about a technique?
Individual attributes thoughts and feelings to another person
Headache, chronic nasal discharge and atrophic septum?
Heminephrectomy changes GFR from what to what?
When she pushes against a wall with outstreched arms, there is prominence of the right scapular angle? What nerve and muscle is involved?
(serratus anterior and Long thoracic n.)
ATSD vs PTSD Difference?
>4 weeks PTSD
Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or negative symptoms
Schizophrenic symptoms for 1-6 months
Schizophrenic symptoms for >6 months
Brief Psychotic episodes
Exposed Risk/Unexposed Risk
Number needed to treat is opposite of the?
absolute risk reduction value
Absolute Risk Reduction?
Percentage of mortality in Conventional-Percentage of mortality in Novel
Headache, altered level of consciousness and increased signalling in the temporal lobe?
MCC of viral Encephalitis?
Porphyria cutanea tarda
Acute Intermittent Porphyria, enzyme and accumulation?
Hydroxymethylbilane (HMB) synthase
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda, enzyme and accumulation?
What diseases have Anticipation?
Trinucleotide repeat diseases
Exudate vs transudate fluid
Protein>0.5 and Pleural LDH>0.6
Hemolysis in buffered salt solutions?
Hereditary Sphercytosis Labs?
Increased MCHC, acidified glycerol test
abnormal eosin 5
Complications of hereditary sphercytosis
Gallstones and aplastic anemia
An elderly alcholic with Shock-like sensation that radiates to the feet and neck, what vitamin def.?
B12 vs Folate deficiency?
Folate does not induce neurologic symptoms
A young patient with difficulty chewing, seeing, What is wrong in this patient?
Which is more common Hyperplastic Tissue vs Thymoma?
How many genes need to deleted in tumor supressor genes? What is this phenomenon called? Examples?
2 hit hypothesis
Recurrent Fungal or Viral infections suggest problems in?
Digeorge Syndrome is the failure of the development of?
3rd and 4th pouch
Metabolics associated with DKA?
Metabolic Acidosis, Hyperkalemia, Hyperglycemia, Hyperammoniemia, Hyponatremia