Uworld Exam 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uworld Exam 15 Deck (25):
1

Cartilage, goblet end at?

Bronchi

2

Smooth muscle cells extend until?

Terminal Bronchioles

3

From Beginning of the lungs to terminal bronchioles it is?

Pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells

4

Cilia terminate in?

respiratory bronchioles

5

What bacteria is in dental caries?

Viridans Strep

6

Viridans Strep produces what? what does this adhere to?

Dextrans that adhere to fibrin

7

GVD is mediated by T-lymphocytes of who? that are sensatized against MHC antigent of who?

1. donor tissue
2. recipient

8

Nitrates and PDE inhibitors cause?

increased cGMP

9

Trazodone MOA? Use? AE?

MOA: Inhibit serotonin and alpha 1 receptors
Use: Treatment Resistant Insomnia
AE: priaprism (TrazaBONE)

10

How do you calculate two independent probabilities?

probability of the individual*1/2 (for each parent) then multiple them

11

tRNA that is mischarged will just?

incorporate the amino acid

12

Accuracy is?

how close it went to a target

13

Reliability?

One that provides consistently same results

14

Fructose is the fastest b/c?

it does not go through PFK-1

15

JVD, Hypotension and Muffled heart sounds/tachycardia?

Cardiac Tamponade

16

Glucose is?

Freely Filtered and reabsorbed

17

Confounding variable is when it is?

has an affect on both the exposure and outcome

18

Methionine can go two products what are they? What is the difference?

Methionine and Cysteine
Methionine has the methyl groups

19

Cardiac myocardium relaxation phase is reestablished by?

Na+Ca2+ exchange

20

Isosorbide mononitrite vs nitroglycerin? Which has more bioavailability?

Isosorbide mononitrite

21

Consequence of nitroglycerin administration?

myosin dephosphorylation

22

24 year old HIV+ AA has a cd4 count of 200 is started on dapsone instead of TMP-SMX and the patient starts to have:
Fatigue, Jaundice and dark urine with bite cells. Dx? and what is happening to this patient?

G6PD def. anemia

Hemolyic anemia due to dapsone

23

A patient with G6PD def has small, irregular, dark purple granules in the blood. What is this called?

Heinz bodies

24

A patient has a waddling gait and progressive weakness in proximal musculature resulting in using hands to support weight on standing. Asymmetric weakening of paraspinal muscles. Dx? What is going in the muscles of this patient?

Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Muscle being replaced as fat

25

MC metastatic tumors to the brain?

Lung, Renal, Melanoma