Flashcards in Uworld Exam 11 Deck (52):
MC pituitary adenoma in a child?
Anterior pituitary origin?
Posterior pituitary origin?
Craniopharyngioma contains 3 components?
Solid, cystic, calcification
Another word for urge incontinence? MOA?
MOA: destrusor muscle instability (overactive bladder)
A patient who has an urge to urinate and cannot make it to the bathroom and pees on herself? Tx?
Tricuspid valve is heard best at?
4th ICS at the lower sternal border (parasternal)
Synthesis of multiple, short DNA fragments?
A patient with Excessive Daytime Sleepiness and Laughter/crying triggers paralysis. Dx? What is undetectable/low in the CSF of this patient?
Where is Hypocretin made and what does it do?
Location: Lateral hypothalamus
Function: promote wakefulness and inhibit REM sleep
A patient feels that the physician resembles his dad in that he was not there for him. Dx?
Occurrence of multiple phenotypes often in different organ systems as a result of a single genetic defect?
Proportion of individuals who express the associated phenotype
Hib vaccine is composed of what? What is it attached to?
Haemophilus inflenzae type b causes what particular disease?
Obstructive sleep apnea can lead to what two manifestations?
Pul. HTN and R. Heart Failure
Pulsatile Treatment of GnRH is for?
Most Hypoosmolar in the nephron?
Early Distal Tubule
Aortic Regurgitation Murmur is best heard where?
Left Sternal Border, patient leaning forward and on expiration
Liver Biopsy shows pigmented inclusions in the lysosomes and the pigments are polymers of epinephrine. What disease?
Dubin Johnson pathogenesis?
defective hepatocellular excretion of bilirubin glucuronides
1 standard deviation equals?
During a urine deprivation test, a primary polydipsic patient will exhibit what kind of urine osmolarity?
significant increase in urine osmolality
Sublingual Table for Angina?
What Ig crosses placenta?
Down Syndrome Disjunction?
Nondisjunction in maternal meiosis I
Glucocorticoid therapy can lead to entire shunt down of the HPA axis which can lead to?
adrenal insufficiency (MC)
Eosinophils two MOA?
1. Parasite: IL-5 via Th2 to parasites, major basic protein and ADCC
2. Type 1 HSR cytokine production
Mucicarmine stain is used to detect?
Cryptococcus most common presentation?
PABA esters are used to absorb?
1st line for depression?
Precursor of serotonin?
Antidote to serotonin syndrome?
VZV lacks what kinase?
A large mass after a tooth extraction?
Tx for actinomyces israelii?
Apical Lung Tumors called? What syndrome can they produce?
A patient with pain is given an opioid and it causes a abdominal pain. What is this called?
Biliary Colic=>constriction of sphincter of oddi
Tet Spells are seen in patients with?
Right to Left Shunts
Preeclampisa has what three things?
HTN, Proteinuria, edema
MC thyroid cancer?
Papillary thyroid Cancer
Bx shows large cells with nuclei containing finely dispersed chromatin with ground glass appearance. What is this and where is it found?
Orphan Anne Eyes
Found in Papillary thyroid cancer
Septic Arthritis Prophylaxis while waiting for results?
Bilateral renal agenesis leads to?
What do potter's syndrome patients most often die of?
Epidural hematoma is found between?
Bone and dura mater
Epidural hematoma CT?
Subdural Hematoma CT?
Blood in basal cisterns
Hashimoto Thyroiditis Bx?
Mononuclear, parenchymal infiltration with well developed germinal centers