Flashcards in LBJ and the Warren Court Test Deck (281):
Where did Johnson go to college first? Where did he major in there?
Southwest Texas State Teacher’s College, majored in history, and debate teacher,
Where did Johnson go to college second? What did he do there?
Georgetown Law School, not best education, but still worked out well for him for him to go into politics.
What did Johnson do in WWII?
a war inspector
How was Johnson rewarded after WWII?
received the Silver Star medal from Roosevelt. Not too much credit for Silver Star, he did enlist and showed his patriotism.
Describe Johnson's family upbringing.
middle class family and has seen poor, moved to Johnson City at age 5, father was President of Baylor University,
What was Johnson's political platform?
How was Johnson a strong liberal in office?
He would meet with Congressmen, get a physical threshold on them and put pressure on those who did not follow him well to vote for his laws.
What were Johnson's values as a strong liberal?
-wants government to solve problems
-Johnson cares about poor because he witnessed it as a child first hand
What did Johnson do to help the poor as a young adult?
He took a year off school to teach English to Mexican immigrants to read and write.
What was Johnson's political experience?
24 years in Congress as majority/minority leader, his peers recognize him as a leader for Congress.
How did Johnson play a role in JFK's administration?
He was his VP
When Johnson went to Dallas, what did he think?
He is thinking Kennedy is re-elected, he is helping get Kennedy’s platform get fixed
After JFK is killed, how does everything play out for Johnson transitioning President?
After Kennedy is killed, he has no time to restructure himself, dealing with the JFK fiasco and putting in new administration, he is very busy
What did Johnson's vote for me button contain? What was this symbol standing for?
Johnson’s button has a watermark of Kennedy on his political platform, he wants to tell America he will keep Kennedy’s work and continue on his political platform.
Who did Johnson run for in 1964?
After finishing Kennedy's first term, what did Johnson do?
He ran again in 1964
What would Johnson's do if he won re-election?
He will continue the New Frontier and make it more liberal.
What was Barry Goldwater's political platform?
How was Barry Goldwater an ultra-conservative?
He thinks smaller government, lower taxes, government is the problem, people can get own healthcare, form own welfare give more hard earned money back.
What did Goldwater think of JFK's Presidency?
He felt Kennedy was soft, gave away Cuba and SE Asia
What was Goldwater's plan for the Cold War?
He returns to Brinksmanship, back to using nukes as ultimate threat.
What was the "war on poverty"?
Poverty was a big issue at the time, and Johnson knew he had to fix this by using many educational initiatives and growth of welfare.
What was Johnson's plan for the Cold War?
Continuation of Kennedy’s foreign policy and flexible response, find ways to deal with Communism
What was Johnson's view of Civil Rights?
pro-Civil Rights, was a Civil Rights Advocate
How did Johnson campaign against Goldwater?
He put a anti-Goldwater ad on TV called the Daisy Ad
What was the Daisy Ad about?
Goldwater with his brinksmanship, you vote for Goldwater, you vote for nuclear war, death, this played on peoples’ fear of brinksmanship.
How did the Daisy Ad affect the election's results?
He won every electoral state except deep south and Arizona, landslide election, overwhelming support of American people.
What state was Barry Goldwater from?
What was the popular vote's results?
What was the electoral vote's results?
Who controlled Congress?
What were the numbers in favor of Democrats in the Senate and HOR?
What is the impact of a President with popular mandate?
Big popular vote, support of American majority, you can get more laws passed and more support to your name.
How did Johnson relate to the Great President Syndrome?
Johnson was a history major, he wondered how he would go down in history, what will people say about him as President in the future
What are the traits of all good Presidents?
-bring great social change in America
-they win the wars they fight
How is bringing a great American social change a trait of a good President?
change America in what we are like
What were some of the great social changes by some of our greatest Presidents?
Washington-Revolution and Constitution
Lincoln-end slavery and get the US back together
T. Roosevelt-Progressive Era, busting the monopolies, allows unions to form
FDR-New Deal, WWII, changes how we view government
Jefferson-change in political parties, revolution of 1800, change in how government will function, and Louisiana Purchase, doubled the size of the country.
What were some of the wars we won by our greatest Presidents?
Teddy Roosevelt: Spanish-American War;
What was Johnson's great Social Change?
The Great Society, put in social governmental programs, he greatly achieved this with Civil Rights.
What was the war Johnson fought?
How was the Vietnam War unsuccessful for Johnson?
He loses in a bad way, not a great military leader, relies too much on generals, bodybags come home and they keep losing in Vietnam
Why did Johnson not run for re-election in 1968?
He cannot figure out Vietnam, leaves because he does not want to be that President who lost in Vietnam, so he lets someone else be that person.
What was the name of Johnson's social movements?
The Great Society
What was the Great Society a continuation of?
-The New Frontier
-The Fair Deal
-The New Deal
Who helped Johnson with consumer protection acts with his high liberalism with his books about it?
What did Nader's books lead to?
the creation of seat belts
What were the categories of Johnson's New Frontier Acts?
What was the Equal Pay Act?
Guarantees equal pay for equal work
When was the Equal Pay Act passed?
What was the Civil Rights Act?
Promoted economic, political, and social equality
When was the Civil Rights Act passed?
What was the Tax Reduction Bill?
cut taxes $11.5 billion to boost GNP
What was the Economic Opportunities Act?
VISTA, Job Corps, and EOE was created
What was the Wilderness Preservation Act?
Protected 9.1 million acres of forest land
What was the National Defense Education Act?
Increased federal aid to education
What was the Expanded Food Stamp Program?
Expanded existing welfaew programs to more families
What was the Voting Rights Act?
Promoted enfranchisement of minority voters
When was the Voting Rights Act passed?
What did Johnson do money wise to improve healthcare systems?
He spent $1.4 B on healthcare and hospitals
What did Johnson do with developing more rail and bus systems?
He spent $375M in federal money on mass transit
What was the Medical Care Act?
Established the programs of Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor
When was the Medical Care Act passed?
What was the Elementary and Secondary Education Act?
Government spent $1.3 B to improve school programs at all youth levels.
What was the Highway Beautification Program?
Federal money was used to clean up trash and plant more flowers along highways.
What was the Omnibus Housing Act?
used federal funds to spend on low income housing
What was the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities?
Federal funding of artists and cultural organizations
What was the Water Quality Act?
Federal mandate forcing states to clean up waterways
What was the Clean Water Restoration Act?
Provided federal funds to insure safe drinking water
What was the Immigration and Naturalization Act?
lowered restrictions on immigration
What was the Higher Education Act?
Provided for students loans in scholarships
What was the Appalachian Development Act?
Federal government spent $1B for economic development of 11 states in the Appalachian region.
What was the Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act?
Set standards for automobile manufacturing
What was the Consumer Product Safety Act?
Provided for product safety standards and testing
What was the Freedom of Information Act?
Allowed citizens to access government records
What was Johnson's Minimum Wage Increase?
$1.25 to $1.40
What was the Truth in Packaging Act?
Set standards for accurate product labeling
What was the Model Cities Act?
Federal government spent money for urban development and creation of parks and recreation areas
What was the HUD?
Cabinet post for dealing with urban issues
What did HUD stand for?
Department of Housing and Urban Development
What was the DOT?
Cabient post for transportation control and development
What did DOT stand for?
Department of Transportation
What was the Upward Bound?
Created an educational program to prepare students for college
What was the Neighborhood Youth Corps?
An urban youth program to promote positivity in youth in struggling cities at the time
What was the Wholesome Meat Act?
Provided guidelines for "grading" meat products
When was the Wholesome Meat Act passed?
What is gerrymandering?
The drawing of political districts in a way that this is discriminatory
What kinds of gerrymandering can there be?
What process is carried out as a result of gerrymandering?
need to draw new districts every census and redraw boundary lines based on population
What was the background of racial gerrymandering?
The goals were to get blacks to the polls, whites tried to stop that in the south, when they could not stop it, gerrymandering was the next tactic after the Civil Rights Acts
How did southern whites carry out racial gerrymandering?
at they took voting districts with large black populations near the middle of the state, they would draw bizarre voting districts to divide the black population vote so the whites could be able to elect, so blacks cannot get candidates they want.
What is political gerrymandering?
Districts were broken up by population not equal area so the higher population has a higher voice and effects on the total votes.
What was the case of Gomillion v. Lightfoot?
discussed racial gerrymandering
When did the case of Gomillion v. Lightfoot take place?
What was the case of Baker v. Carr?
established court jurisdiction in appointment cases and used the 14th Amendment to determine if this was unconstitutional
When was the case of Baker v. Carr?
What was the case of Wetbury v. Sanders?
“one person, one vote” principle, draw voting districts by population not area for federal elections, every new census, redraw the districts, so everyone’s vote counts the same
When was the case of Wetbury v. Sanders?
What was the case of Reynolds v. Simms?
created the rule of “one person, one vote” for state elections
What are the regulations for school prayer/religious promotion?
-teachers cannot lead prayer
-moments of silence must not specifically be for prayer
-only students can lead prayer and students are not forced to pray
-can play music but must be equally divided among all religions
What was the case of Engel v. Vitale?
prayer endorsed by the school created indirect pressure to pray, so it ruled that prayers cannot be read over the PA system in the schools with the Pledge of Allegiance. State cannot endorse prayer and separate people based on if they believe in God or not.
Are Comparitive Religious Classes okay in public schools? Why or why not?
Yes, it is certainly fine for educational purposes, but prayers and specific religious procedures cannot be endorsed
When was the case of Engel v. Vitale?
Are teachers and coaches allowed to pray with students? Why or why not?
No, they are government employees and can't endorse prayer because this puts pressure on the whole team because everyone if did it on the team and one may feel obligated to do this
What is the rule for team captains leading prayer on teams?
If they are voted by players it is fine, but if it is voted by coaches, then it is not okay because coaches are government-employed.
What was the cause of the case of Abington v. Schempp?
In Abington, PA schools would read 10 Bible verses without commentary in class out loud.
When was the case of Abington v. Schempp?
What was the ruling of Abington v. Schempp?
Court said no to the Bible readings out loud because of this not helping students’ ability in classes.
What are now the rules after the case of Abington v. Schempp?
Bible readings can only be used quietly by yourself, but academic usage is okay, as long as prayer isn’t used, banned Bible readings
What was the case of Murry v. Curlett?
banned religious procedures planned by schools and their employees, everything must be student-led because teachers are government employees in schools
When was the case of Murry v. Curlett?
When was the case of Tinker v. DesMoines?
Explain why Tinker v. DesMoines was brought to court.
Students were wearing black armbands to protest the Vietnam war, schools felt this was un-American
What was the ruling in Tinker v. DesMoines?
Court said they could not take away students’ freedom of speech and expression of wearing the bands to the point where it is not disruptive.
What are one's Constitutional protections under the 4th Amendment?
4th Amendment protects one from illegal searches and seizures of property and themself.
What do police need to conduct a legal search?
What is a warrant?
Police get it from the judge, the court’s order for a legal search from the police
When are warrants usually served to the police?
Usually served when police do not have big threats.
How do police receive a warrant?
They have to show some level for suspicion, need a legitimate reason to carry out a search for someone, tell a judge and he can give the warrant out for a search.
What are the Constitutional exceptions to a warrant?
-motor vehicle searches
-stop and frisk operations
Describe the warrant exception of hot pursuit.
if one gets away from police, they can run after you, police do have to see someone. If one goes home, and police can go to their home, police will side with the warrant because of the exclusionary ruling anyway.
What would policemen usually use during a hot pursuit?
Police will go with the warrant because of the exclusionary ruling anyway.
Describe the warrant exception of consent.
If they receive consent from a person they want to go into their house, they can go in with permission.
What is curtilage?
Police looking around the area your house without going in
What other kinds of consent can police use without a warrant?
What is an abandoned items search?
Putting something out for garbage and if police see it they can look through it
What is an open field search?
Police looking at an open fields and if they see something bad, they can investigate
What is an aerial search?
If police fly over and see an issue, they can investigate
What are the rules for police with motor vehicle searches?
They can search interior of the car, legally anything within arms reach of any passenger if they see something bad
What are the rules for police looking at trunks in motor vehicle searches?
They need permission to look but can use open field searches and they can question to look through the windows if they see something.
Explain the warrant exception of a stop and frisk operation.
It is random search, stopping every certain cars in a normal procedure, as long as one car is not targeted.
Give an example of a stop and frisk operation.
Explain the warrant exception of border or airline.
Applied consent to get on airplanes, border crossings, can search car or luggage if you cross through another country
Explain the warrant exception of Incident to Lawful Arrest.
Police can search someone if they see a clear issue happening
Explain the warrant exception of emergencies?
If someone dials 911 and has a home emergency, police can go into a house.
What is the 5th Amendment?
right to due process
What are one's protections under the 5th Amendment?
This protects you from double jeopardy, as you need an indictment of charges to know what you are being accused of. This also protects you from self-incrimination and procedural due process.
What are one's protections under the 6th Amendment?
Gives one the ability to subpoena witnesses, one can force people to testify, makes trials public, protects you against the government as they can't try you behind closed doors.
What is the 6th Amendment?
public trial amendment
What are one's protections under the 8th Amendment?
Protects you from cruel and unusual punishment
What rights as a criminal do you have in the 8th Amendment?
As a convicted criminal, you have rights, how long can you stay in solitary confinement, what rights you have in prison
What ruling is now a controversial issue from the 8th Amendment?
the death penalty
What did the case of Mapp v. Ohio discuss?
What is the exclusionary rule about in Mapp v. Ohio?
If the police make an illegal search, any evidence they find cannot be used against the convicted person, as police have to get the warrant, follow the procedure of due process.
When was the case of Mapp v. Ohio?
When was the case of Gideon v. Wainwright?
Describe Gideon's background leading up to his case versus Wainwright.
Gideon was poor, illiterate, he stole things from a club. What he stole was a misdemeanor, but how he stole it was a felony. He went to court, petitioned the judge to get a lawyer, and the judge denied him a lawyer, was convicted.
When Gideon was in jail, what did he do? Why did he do this?
He filed a writ of habeas corpus, a legal term for wrongful imprisonment because he was denied a lawyer because he couldn't afford one.
What did the case of Gideon v. Wainwright discuss?
You have right to attorney in felony cases, not just capital cases, if you cannot provide an attorney yourself, you will be provided one.
What were the effects of Gideon v. Wainwright?
Gideon's case was ran again with a new lawyer and Gideon was acquitted of his charges and found innocent.
When was the case of Escobedo v. Illinois?
What did Escobedo v. Illinois discuss?
having a lawyer during custodial questioning
Describe Escobedo's background before his case vs. Illinois.
He shot his brother in law, drive by shooting from a car, arrested, interrogated for about 12 hours. He then confesses and goes to jail.
After his interrogation, what did Escobedo claim?
A testimony is used against him, he appeals to Supreme Court about putting him in questioning situation without a lawyer and that it violated his 5th Amendment rights
What did Escobedo say he would have done if he knew his rights?
He would have not confessed to his murder
What were the effects of Escobedo v. Illinois?
Created the Escobedo Rule
What is the Escobedo Rule?
You get an attorney from time of custodial questioning, not just until trial begins.
Can one waive the Escobedo Rule?
When was the case of Griffin v. California?
What did Griffin v. California discuss?
self-incrimination protection (5th Amendment)
Describe Griffin's background before his case vs. California.
Griffin is arrested for rape and murder of female friend, at trial, he doesn’t take the stand. In closing arguments, they claim him guilty because he did not come up to the stand. He took this to the Supreme Court.
What did the Supreme Court rule in Griffin v. California?
Supreme Court said he had protection from self-incrimination, you cannot use that against him in that trial.
When was the case of Miranda v. Arizona?
What did the case of Miranda v. Arizona decide?
One must be advised of their rights when in custodial surroundings
Describe Miranda's background before his case versus Arizona.
Miranda is accused of kidnapping and rape, he is arrested, questioned for 2 hours and found guilty in court, but did not have an attorney because he did not know he could have one.
What did Miranda file an appeal about?
Because no one told him that he could use an attorney in custodial questioning.
What did the Supreme Court rule in Miranda v. Arizona?
Miranda Rights with respect to attorneys and trials and custodial questioning.
What other cases and rules did Miranda v. Arizona's ruling tie in with?
-Gideon v. Wainwright
-Escobedo v. Illinois
How did Miranda v. Arizona's ruling tie in with the other cases and rules?
Gideon (affording a lawyer), Escobedo (custodial questioning without attorney), 5th Amendment (protection of self-incrimination). These are now rights that any criminal has in a trial process and they must be told about these rights.
When was the case of Sheppard v. Maxwell?
What did Sheppard v. Maxwell discuss?
Gag Rule and the Change of Venue for a case
Describe Sheppard's background.
He was a famous doctor and was accused of the murder of his wife.
According to Sheppard, how was his wife murdered?
Sheppard fell asleep, someone broke in, and this guy went and killed his wife
How was there a counterargument with Sheppard's account of his wife's murder?
There was no sign of anyone breaking in so they felt Sheppard killed her.
Why was Sheppard's case so popular?
Sheppard was popular doctor and the case was very intense
When was Sheppard convicted?
What did Sheppard say about his trial? What did this lead to?
Wanted to appeal that he had an unfair trial because of the media and publicity of the case and he could not focus emotionally on the case.
What did Sheppard's appeal lead to?
The Gag Rule
What is the Gag Rule?
The publicity hurt the defendant, so this allows for a judge to close the court, to sequester a jury and lock the room without public there.
During Sheppard's case, what was everyone involved ordered to do? Why?
Everyone stays in the court and stays away from media and do not go home, to keep fair opinion and not make a huge deal about it.
Describe the change of location in Sheppard's trial.
They moved the trial in 1966 as Supreme Court redid the trial
Why was the change of location of Sheppard's trial carried out?
to create fairness and less media with the case and to keep everyone focused on the case at hand
What were the effects of Sheppard v. Maxwell?
When the case was redone, he was acquitted and innocent from the murder after 12 years in jail.
When was the case of Katz v. United States?
What did Katz v. United States discuss?
“Right to Privacy in Public”
Describe Katz's background before his case.
Katz is running an illegal gambling area in an old payphone booth. Police knew it was public, police could not bother it, so police put listening device outside the phone, used recording against him.
What was the issue with the police's investigation of Katz?
The police did not have a warrant to search the phonebooth.
What was the ruling of Katz v. United States?
To search in areas of public, police would need a warrant.
When was the case of Terry v. Ohio?
Describe the background of Terry v. Ohio.
There are three people standing outside a convenient store, waiting for right moment to rob the store, police officer sees them, notices it and does a terry search
What is a Terry Search?
A pat-down, airport random search
After the policeman's Terry Search, what did he find?
he finds guns on two of the potential store robbers
How did the potential store robbers respond to the policeman's search?
They came back and said he had no reason to search them because they had not done anything wrong yet.
What did the court say after the appeal by the potential robbers?
Court upheld the search because if a reasonably prudent man would sit there and think something bad will happen, then the police can conduct this search.
What did the victims counteragrue in Terry v. Ohio?
the scale of justice
What was the court's ruling in terry v. Ohio based on the scale of justice?
If public security is at stake enough that police can conduct a search without a warrant, you can consider where and when this takes place, but if police sense trouble, they can search without a warrant.
What is to subpoena?
To compel testimony by a witness or production of evidence under a penalty for failure.
Who was Johnson's VP?
What was the state of Gomillon v. Lightfoot?
Were the 60s and 70s the first Women's movements?
When was the Seneca Falls Convention?
What was the Seneca Falls Convention?
Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, held convention, drew up declaration of rights for women.
What were the three main issues discussed at the Seneca Falls Convention?
What was discussed at Seneca Falls in terms of voting?
19th amendment, ratified in 1920, women get right to vote
What was discussed at Senenca Falls in terms of economic rights?
To be able to control your own finances, if women owned a business, she needed a male cosigner to oversee finances for women, marriage automatically became her husband’s, if they got divorced, husband could take everything with him
Who gave the Keynote address at Seneca falls with regards to abolishing slavery?
How were women's rights related to civil rights?
Women were compared as minority group, like blacks, two movements are very much linked together, women used inspiration from Civil Rights Movements to get their movement.
What did NOW stand for?
National Organization for Women
When was NOW founded?
How was NOW founded?
22 women and men partly founded this over lunch
Where is NOW today?
It has 300,000+ members, annual budget of over $9M.
Who were the two main founders of NOW?
Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem
What book did Betty Friedan write?
The Feminine Mystique
What was the Feminine Mystique?
It complained about the idea of expectations for women, the stereotyping of women that all women want the same things.
What did Friedan feel when she wrote her book?
Friedan felt some want that, but not all women do, and women should have more opportunities in working and should not be forced to home and family.
What did Gloria Steinem do to promote women's rights?
She championed women’s issues in politics, birth control, marraige, and family through her views in her magazine.
What study prompted the Equal Pay Act?
In 1960, a study was done that showed women made 59c for every male dollar.
What are today's pay numbers, even after the Equal Pay Act?
Today, 15% more money for men between ages 25-50, and 38% more money for men between ages 51-65.
When was the case of Weeks v. Southern Bell?
What was ruled in Weeks v. Southern Bell?
It included women as a protected minority group under the Civil Rights Act
When was the case of Bowe v. Colgate-Palmolive Company?
What was ruled in Bowe v. Colgate-Palmolive Company?
Supreme Court found that if a woman was capable of doing physical labor of strong jobs, you couldn’t deny her the job just because she was a woman.
When was the case of Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Company?
What did Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Company discuss?
Pay had to be “substantially equal” with the realization that it did not have to be totally equal, such as you could pay one more for a hire, but it had to be substantially equal, so it is close to fully equal.
What was the other factor with substantially equal pay?
pink collar jobs-jobs usually held by women
What is the rationale with equal pay with pink collar jobs?
Because these jobs had little prestige, looking at numbers, women are used to low pay because of little prestige jobs they had.
What was the other angle looking at women and how far they are willing to work?
Women seem to settle for low-paying jobs anyway, they take less prestigious jobs and less money, even if they try.
What is the glass ceiling theory?
At entry level positions, men and women are hired equally, promoted at the same rate, but when you get to middle management, women seem to stop, and men continue to go up in the ranks.
What is the ERA?
Equal Rights Amendment
When was the process of the ERA?
Did the ERA get its required 2/3 Congressional vote?
What was the next step for the ERA?
They had to go to the states and ratify this, they needed 3/4 of the vote.
Did the ERA reach 3/4 of the states?
What were some of the states that did not ratify the ERA?
Why did the deep southern states not ratify the ERA?
Because equal rights guarantee equal rights for every American citizen, deep south has always been against this.
Why did Utah not ratify the ERA?
Utah had mormons that essentially and socially controlled conservative government there
Why did Arizona not ratify the ERA?
Very conservative state, Goldwater was from there and did not like Johnson
Why did Illinois not ratify the ERA?
Because they knew women had all rights, it guaranteed something they already had, it was the obvious, legislative overkill
Why did Nevada not ratify the ERA?
They are very conservative outside of Vegas.
What was the main political issue with women?
Even though they had the right to vote, and their vote was represented, they felt there was no clear representation of women in politics.
Explain the heart disease theory during the women's rights movements.
Women went into workforce and started having heart attacks as well, the gap in age has decreased, as the stress level of work has caused heart diseases in both men and women, as men had more heart attacks from working, which is why they did not live as long as women.
Who were the two ever women VP candidates, who did they run with, and what year did this happen?
-Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 with Walter Mondale
-Sarah Palin in 2008 with John McCain
Who have been the only Secretary of States we have had? Who have been President from these three women?
Hillary Clinton (Obama), Condoleezza Rice (GW Bush), Madeline Albright (Clinton)
In 1977, what were the percentages of women in each government?
4% of Congress
4% of State Legislature
In 1999, what were the percentages of women in each government?
12% of Congress
21% of State Legislature
In 2007, what were the percentages of women in each government?
24% of State Legislature
When was the case of Griswold v. Connecticut?
What did Griswold v. Connecticut discuss?
What was ruled in Griswold v. Connecticut?
FDA approved the use of a birth control pill, made birth control more reliable.
What were the effects of Griswold v. Connecticut?
This case extended the right to privacy in the area of birth control with married women. It was a her body, her rights.
When was the case of Eisenstadt v. Baird?
What was Eisenstadt v. Baird's ruling?
extended the ruling of Griswold v. Connecticut to unmarried women
When was the case of Planned Parenthood v. Matheson?
What was discussed in Planned Parenthood v. Matheson?
Extended the ruling of Griswold v. Connecticut to all minors.
When was Roe v. Wade?
What was Roe's system with birth control?
He divided it into three trimesters.
Explain the first trimester of Roe's birth control system.
States can place no limits, first three months it is abortion on demand, for whatever reason you want.
Explain the second trimester of Roe's birth control system.
Months 4-6 lets states get control, states may place limits if they want except when the pregnancy endangers the health of the mother.
Explain the third trimester of Roe's birth control system.
Months 7-9, states may ban abortion.
What is the idea of the possible banning of abortion in Roe's third trimester of pregnancy?
The fetus has been carried for 6 months now, it is considered a life outside the womb.
When was the case of Planned Parenthood of Southeast PA v. Casey?
Describe the background at the time before Governor Casey of PA's planned parenthood case.
Governor Casey had just signed PA Abortion Control Act
What was the criteria under the abortion abilities of the PA Abortion Control Act?
Women had to be counseled on options and tested, given options with what to do, if she wants an abortion, she is given 24 hours waiting period because of how serious abortions are.
What does spousal notification have to do with Planned Parenthood of Southeast PA v. Casey?
The man does not have to approve it, but must be notified of pregnancy or abortion, maybe woman would not want him to know
Why was Roe Challenged with the birth control?
They are placing limits on women’s rights to have an abortion.
What was the ruling in Planned Parenthood of Southeast PA v. Casey?
Supreme Court upheld this law in PA, 24 hour waiting period and counseling was not big of a deal with the decision made
When was the Education Amendments Bill passed?
What is the Education Amendments Bill?
Makes a connection to Civil Rights Act, saying equal education opportunity is available.
What did FMLA stand for?
Family Medical Leave Act
When was the FMLA passed?
What is the FMLA?
It guarantees you 12 weeks of unpaid leave from your job upon the birth of a child or the death/illness of an immediate family member
How frequently can you use the FMLA?
Once every 2 years
What is the timing rule for FMLA during one leave?
You have to take this leave as a block of time in a row, cannot break it up.
Which President passed the FMLA and which one vetoed it?
George Bush vetoed it once, but Clinton signed it first week in office in 1993.
What were the No Fault Divorce Laws?
You could divorce without going to court and proving fault
Before the No Fault Divorce Laws were passed, how did divorces get carried out?
You had to prove fault if divorced before this law in court and then you could divorce
What were the effects of the No Fault Divorce Laws?
Divorce rate went from 25%-50%.
What is considered sexual harrasment?
Includes unwelcome sexual comments or asking of someone about sex, even stereotypical comments in general
When does sexual harassment become illegal?
When it is so offensive or severe that it creates a hostile or uncomfortable work environment.
What is the line for sexual harrassment?
No, stop...if one jokes and is insubordinate about it, it becomes harrassment.