Flashcards in Lecture 11: Biology and learning Deck (12):
*What did Garcia & Koelling’s 1966 study tell us about equipotentiality?
Some stimuli can be paired easier than others innately. (Evidence against equipotentiality)
*What did Breland &; Breland mean by ‘misbehaviour’, and how might classical conditioning produce this?
Interpreting the reinforcer as a natural object (meerkat treating a coin as food and tries to eat it)
species specific defense response
*How might identifying appropriate instinctive
preferences be useful in training?
Species have prefferred actions, hard to learn the unprefered ones (cannot train a rat to freeze)
*What is preparedness, and how does it relate
to human emotions?
Predisposition to fear certain types of things
This conditioning would be equally
effective regardless of the stimuli used.
what does SSDR stand for?
Conditioned species specific defense responses
Conditioned species specific defense responses (SSDRs) can interfere with
what is an empiricists view?
acquire knowledge through experience
what is a rationalists view?
people are born with innate knowledge