Lecture 11: Biology and learning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 11: Biology and learning Deck (12):
1

*What did Garcia & Koelling’s 1966 study tell us about equipotentiality?

Some stimuli can be paired easier than others innately. (Evidence against equipotentiality)

2

*What did Breland &; Breland mean by ‘misbehaviour’, and how might classical conditioning produce this?

Interpreting the reinforcer as a natural object (meerkat treating a coin as food and tries to eat it)


species specific defense response

3

*How might identifying appropriate instinctive
preferences be useful in training?

Species have prefferred actions, hard to learn the unprefered ones (cannot train a rat to freeze)

4

*What is preparedness, and how does it relate
to human emotions?

Predisposition to fear certain types of things

5

This conditioning would be equally
effective regardless of the stimuli used.

Equipotentiality

6

what does SSDR stand for?

Conditioned species specific defense responses

7

Conditioned species specific defense responses (SSDRs) can interfere with

avoidance behaviour

8

empiricism means

nurture

9

rationalism means

nature

10

what is an empiricists view?

acquire knowledge through experience

11

what is a rationalists view?

people are born with innate knowledge

12

What can interfere with avoidance behaviour?

SSDR (CONDITIONED SPECIES SPECIFIC DEFENSE RESPONSE)