Flashcards in Lecture 4: Motivation Deck (28)
Can produce paradoxical reward. Spontaneous recovery. Explain partial Rft. Respond more resilient to frustration.
Motivation and performance
Learning without behavior. Rft provides impetus to perform. Learning vs performance. Food is not benefitting learning only motivating them
Observation on what animals usually engages in. High probability behavior (more preferred). Low probability behavior (less preferred). Relative behavioral property. Rft depends on current preference of the individual (Rft is dynamic).
The premach principle
______________ outcome reinforces the S-R association
What are the 2 instrumental conditioning?
2. Two-Process theory
Insensitive to changes in motivation for the outcome, but discriminative stimuli influence motivational states. E.g. Cigarette cravings for smokers
As Stimuli is associated with outcome, it elicits emotional states.
Through pairing outcome 1 with aversive outcome (e.g. Poison). Through situation using only outcome 1 (e.g. Free feeding long exposure)
What affects performance of previously learned responses?
What is a motivational response to the omission of an expected reward
What produces a paradoxical reward effect
What strengthens a response?
The omission of a reward
What reinforcement is present in the presence of a frustration
What is critical for learning
Motivational properties of the reinforcer
What is the result of S-R learning
What kind of learning occurs if learning is without behavior
What provides impetus to perform
What is reinforcement?
Increase in response when paired with reinforcer
What is reinforcer
Stimulus/event that causes reinforcement
What makes biologic needs motivate behavior?
What is behavior organized to do?
To Satisfy needs
What is the formula of behavior
Behavior = habit (learning) X drive (motivation)
What is a stimulus that reduces drive
What involves behavior of its own (e.g. Consumption). That is equal to increasing access to preferred behaviors.
What does the Premach principle states?
1. What behaviors an I individual is most likely to engage in
2. High probability behavior (more preferred)
3. Low probability behavior (less preferred)
4. Relative behavior property
Reinforcement depends on what?
The current preference of the individual (reinforcement is dynamic)
What influences motivational states