Lecture 4: Motivation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4: Motivation Deck (28):
1

Can produce paradoxical reward. Spontaneous recovery. Explain partial Rft. Respond more resilient to frustration.

Motivation and performance

2

Learning without behavior. Rft provides impetus to perform. Learning vs performance. Food is not benefitting learning only motivating them

Latent learning

3

Observation on what animals usually engages in. High probability behavior (more preferred). Low probability behavior (less preferred). Relative behavioral property. Rft depends on current preference of the individual (Rft is dynamic).

The premach principle

4

______________ outcome reinforces the S-R association

Motivation

5

What are the 2 instrumental conditioning?

1. Habitual
2. Two-Process theory

6

Insensitive to changes in motivation for the outcome, but discriminative stimuli influence motivational states. E.g. Cigarette cravings for smokers

Habitual

7

As Stimuli is associated with outcome, it elicits emotional states.

Two-Process theory

8

Through pairing outcome 1 with aversive outcome (e.g. Poison). Through situation using only outcome 1 (e.g. Free feeding long exposure)

Outcome devaluation

9

What affects performance of previously learned responses?

Internal states

10

What is a motivational response to the omission of an expected reward

Frustration

11

What produces a paradoxical reward effect

Frustration

12

What strengthens a response?

The omission of a reward

13

What reinforcement is present in the presence of a frustration

Partial reinforcement

14

What is critical for learning

Motivational properties of the reinforcer

15

What is the result of S-R learning

Satisfaction

16

What kind of learning occurs if learning is without behavior

Latent learning

17

What provides impetus to perform

Reinforcement

18

What is reinforcement?

Increase in response when paired with reinforcer

19

What is reinforcer

Stimulus/event that causes reinforcement

20

What makes biologic needs motivate behavior?

Drives

21

What is behavior organized to do?

To Satisfy needs

22

What is the formula of behavior

Behavior = habit (learning) X drive (motivation)

23

What is a stimulus that reduces drive

Reinforcement

24

What involves behavior of its own (e.g. Consumption). That is equal to increasing access to preferred behaviors.

By Premach

Reinforcement

25

What does the Premach principle states?

1. What behaviors an I individual is most likely to engage in
2. High probability behavior (more preferred)
3. Low probability behavior (less preferred)
4. Relative behavior property

26

Reinforcement depends on what?

The current preference of the individual (reinforcement is dynamic)

27

What influences motivational states

Discriminative stimuli

28

What theory represents the association between stimulus and outcome that elicits emotional state?

S-O learning

Two process theory