Lecture 5: Punishments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 5: Punishments Deck (24):
1

Delivering an aversive stimulus

Punishment

2

What determines effectiveness?

Intensity.
- Yerkes Dodson Law
- depends on difficulty

3

Omission of something good. Response decreases.

Negative punishment

4

What are the 4 factors that affects punishment?

1. Stimulus control
2. Path dependence
3. Delay
4. RFT schedule

5

Based more on classical conditioning. Suppression through fear conditioning. Fear reducing behavior.

Conditioned emotional response

6

What are the 3 side effects of punishment?

1. Neurotic symptoms
2. Aggression
3. Fear and anxiety

7

Elicited by pain, frustration and modeling a behavior

Aggression

8

Something that is not controlled. Use of electric shocks and painful punishment

Fear and anxiety

9

____________ is contentious

Punishment

10

What decreases the probability of an appetitive outcome

Response

11

Reduction of response for Discriminative stimulus but not Sdelta

Stimulus control

12

What are the 2 kinds of delay

1. Shorter is better than longer
2. Temporal contiguity

13

CRF is better than PRF

RFT schedule

14

What is the punishment of a reinforced response

Trade-off between reward and aversive outcome

15

What can increase a reinforced response

Punishment

16

What does punishing affects

Interval and ratio schedules

17

What is an example of a punishment seeking behaviour

Avoidance learning

18

What can explain the effects of punishment

1. Premack principle
2. Conditioned emotional response
3. Avoidance learning

19

Learning of an incompatible response and unpleasant event avoided by performing alternative response can be explained by what

Avoidance learning

20

What can be avoided by performing alternative response

Unpleasant event

21

What are the side effects of punishment

1. Neurotic symptoms
2. Aggression
3. Fear/anxiety
4. Fear conditioning not specific to the undesirable response

22

What is elicited by pain and frustration and of modeling of behaviour

Aggression

23

What are the alternatives to punishment

1. Extinction
2. Differential reinforcement of other behaviour

24

What is considered to be an effective punishment

1. Immediate
2. Consistent
3. Contingent on undesired response
4. Delivered under variety of conditions
5. Sufficiently aversive from the outset
6. Not too severe
7. Delivered in the presence of alternative response
8. Accompanied by a rational explanation