Lecture 2: Pos Rft & Extinction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 2: Pos Rft & Extinction Deck (27):
1

Learning the relationship between an action and a response

Associative learning

2

How is classical conditioning different from instrumental conditioning?

CC is paired with a different stimulus

3

Refers to a function as an event

Reinforcement

4

Positive contingency: response results in outcome: reward

Appetitive. Response increases

5

Positive contingency: response results in outcome: punishment

Aversive. Response decreases

6

Negative contingency: response prevents outcome: omission

Appetitive. Response decreases

7

Negative contingency: response prevents outcome: negative Rft (e.g. Avoidance)

Aversive. Response increases

8

Refers to a situation in which a stimulus reinforcers a behavior after it has been associated with a primary reinforcer whereas primary reinforcers occurs naturally and do not need to be learned

Secondary Rft

9

Example of __________ reinforcement includes waters food, sleep, and air

Primary Rft

10

An example of ___________ reinforcement is money

Secondary Rft

11

What are the 2 factors that affect instrumental conditioning?

1. Temporal contiguity
2. Contingency

12

Small/ no interval produces stronger learning in all cases of instrumental and classical conditioning

Temporal contiguity

13

Statistical relationship between a response and a reinforcer

Contingency

14

Instrumental conditioning is also known as

Operant conditioning

15

Reinforces a behavior to achieve a certain goal

Shaping

16

Complex behavior can be thought as a simple response. What involves shaping a sequence of responses. e.g. Language acquisition.

Response chaining

17

Involves secondary reinforcement, partial reinforcement, desirable for practical reasons

Schedules of Rft

18

Mean Rft is derived once every 5 responses

Fixed-Ratio

19

Mean Rft is delivered on average every 5 responses

Variable-Ratio

20

Mean Rft delivered on the first response after 5 seconds has elapsed since last Rft

Fixed-Interval

21

Rft delivered on the first response after a variable time has elapsed since last Rft

Variable-Interval

22

Elicits rapid responding

Ratio schedules

23

Post Rft pause

Fixed Ratio

24

You get rapid responding

Variable Ratio

25

Slower behavior

Fixed and Variable interval

26

There's a pattern (does not respond that much until it reaches a certain point)

Fixed Interval

27

Example: encourage children to do chores

Ration schedules