Neuropsychology 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuropsychology 7 Deck (19):
1

List three types of antidepressants

Tricyclics, SSRIs, and MAOIs.

2

List three tricyclics.

imipramine (Tofranil), clomipramine (Anafranil), amitriptyline (Elavil).

3

What is the action of tricyclic antidepressants?

Norepinephrine and serotonin reuptake inhibition.

4

Name three SSRIs (generic names).

fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), paroxetine (Paxil).

5

What is the action of MAOIs?

Norepinephrine and serotonin enzyme inhibition.

6

Name two MAOIs.

phenelzine (Nardil) and tranylcypromine (Parnate).

7

For what disorders are MAOIs recommended?

Atypical depressions, e.g., including Sx of hypersomnia, increased appetite, symptom increase across day.

8

Which antidepressants carry a risk of fatal hypotensive crisis and what is it caused by?

MAOIs cannot be taken in conjunction with foods containing moderate to high levels of tyramine (amino acid). These include beer, wine, yogurt, aged cheese, and other fermented foods, as well as many fruits and vegetables, including avocados, bananas, spinach, and tomatoes.

9

Name three common mood stabilizers.

lithium, carbamazepine (Tegretol), and valproic acid (Depakote).

10

Name four conventional antipsychotics (neuroleptics).

chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol), thioridazine (Mellaril), fluphenazine.

11

Name four atypical antipsychotics.

clozapine, risperdone (Risperdal), olanzapine (Zyprexa), ariprazole (Abilify).

12

Name four classes of drugs used as anxiolytics.

benzodiazepines, barbiturates, azapirones, beta-blockers.

13

Name four benzodiazepines.

diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan).

14

Name three barbiturates.

thiopental (Pentothal), amobarbital (Amytal), secobarbital (Seconal).

15

Name an azapirone.

buspirone (BuSpar).

16

Name a beta-blocker.

propranolol (Inderal).

17

Name two psychostimulants.

methlyphenidate (Ritalin) and pemoline (Cylert)

18

Name two opioid-derivative/synthetic analgesics.

oxycodone (Percodan), pethidine (Demerol)

19

Name two opioid agonists used in treatment of opioid withdrawal (esp. heroin).

methadone, buprenorphine (Subutex) or buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone)