Pathoma: Larynx Flashcards Preview

CVPR Pulmonary (Exam 3) > Pathoma: Larynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathoma: Larynx Deck (26):
1

What disease presents with a hoarse, barking cough and inspiratory stridor?

laryngotracheobronchitis/croup

2

Dx?

  • high fever
  • sore throat
  • muffled voice
  • drooling with dysphagia
  • inspiratory stridor

acute epiglottitis

2

What causes laryngeal papilloma?

HPV 6 and 11

2

Laryngeal papilloma is a ____ tumor in adults and is _____ in children.

a single; multiple

3

This is a squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lining of the vocal cord.

laryngeal carcinoma

4

This is inflammation of the upper airway, usually caused by parainfluenza virus.

laryngotracheobronchitis/croup

5

What causes a vocal cord nodule?

excessive use

5

How does laryngeal papilloma present?

hoarseness

6

Who usually gets acute epiglottitis?

nonimmunized children

6

How does laryngotracheobronchitis/croup present?

with a hoarse, barking cough and inspiratory stridor

7

What is a laryngeal carcinoma?

a squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lining of the vocal cord

8

What is a benign tumor of the vocal cords called?

laryngeal papilloma

9

What are vocal cord nodules made of?

degenerative (myxoid) CT

11

What is another name for croup?

laryngotracheobronchitis

12

How do pts with vocal cord nodules present?

hoarseness that resolves with rest

14

Why is acute epiglottitis an emergency?

risk of acute airway obstruction

15

What is the difference btw laryngeal papilloma in an adult vs a child?

adults have a single lesion; children have many tumors

17

What is another name for laryngotracheobronchitis?

croup

18

What is acute epiglottitis?

inflammation of the epiglottis usually cause by H. influenza type B

19

How does acute epiglottitis present?

  • high fever
  • sore throat
  • muffled voice
  • drooling with dysphagia
  • inspiratory stridor

20

How does laryngeal carcinoma present?

hoarseness (can include cough and stridor)

22

This is inflammation of the epiglottis usually cause by H. influenza type B.

acute epiglottitis

23

What are the risk factors for laryngeal carcinoma?

EtOH, tobacco

24

What usually cause laryngotracheobronchitis/croup?

parainfluenza virus

25

What is laryngotracheobronchitis/croup?

inflammation of the upper airway, usually caused by parainfluenza virus

26

What is laryngeal papilloma?

a benign tumor of the vocal cords