Pathoma: Nasopharynx Flashcards Preview

CVPR Pulmonary (Exam 3) > Pathoma: Nasopharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathoma: Nasopharynx Deck (25):
1

What is the most common cause of rhinitis?

adenovirus

2

How does rhinitis present?

  • sneezing
  • congestion
  • runny nose (common cold)

2

What other conditions is allergic rhinitis associated with?

asthma, eczema

3

How do angiofibromas present?

profuse epistaxis

4

This is a malignant tumor of the nasopharyngeal epi.

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

5

Who gets nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

African children and Chinese adults

5

A sample from a cervical lymph node shows pleomorphic keratin-positive epi cells in a background of lymphocytes. Dx?

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

6

What is nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

a malignant tumor of the nasopharyngeal epi

7

What is rhinitis?

inflammation of the nasal mucosa

8

What is inflammation of the nasal mucosa called?

rhinitis

10

What is allergic rhinitis?

rhinitis due to a type I hypersensitivity reaction (usually to pollen, etc)

11

This is a rhinitis due to a type I hypersensitivity reaction (usually to pollen, etc).

allergic rhinitis

12

Repeated bouts of rhinitis can lead to _____ formation.

polyp

13

What should be biopsied to detect nasopharyngel carcinoma?

cervical lymph nodes

14

Nasal polyps can be seen in ____, _____, and ____ patients.

  • repeated rhinitis
  • cystic fibrosis
  • ASA-intolerant asthma

15

This is a protrusion of edematous, inflamed nasal mucosa.

nasal polyp

16

This is a benign tumor of the nasal mucosa composed of large BVs and fibrous tissue.

angiofibroma

17

What is angiofibroma?

a benign tumor of the nasal mucosa composed of large BVs and fibrous tissue

18

What is a nasal polyp?

a protrusion of edematous, inflamed nasal mucosa

19

What characterizes allergic rhinitis?

inflammatory infiltrates with eosinophils

20

Who gets angiofibromas?

adolescent males

21

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is associated with _____.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)

22

What do repeated rhinitis, cystic fibrosis, and ASA-intolerant asthma patients have in common?

they can develop nasal polyps

24

What will the biopsy show that is diagnostic for nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

pleomorphic keratin-positive epi cells in a background of lymphocytes

25

DX?

  • teenage male -
  • repeated, profuse nosebleeds

angiofibroma