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CVPR Pulmonary (Exam 3) > Anxiety > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety Deck (43):
1

Alpha-2 antagonists, such as yohimbine, increase available norepinephrine and can precipitate_____, as do lactate infusions and breathing C02.

panic attacks

1

_____ and _____ can lead to chronically elevated levels of cortisol and norepinephrine.

Depression; anxiety disorders

1

What are the symptoms of panic disorder?

  • shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • numbness and tingling around the mouth and fingers
  • feelings of choking
  • feelings of unreality, confusion
  • feel as if they are dying of a heart attack or are going crazy

1

How can an anxiety attack be clinically induced?

IV infusion of sodium lactate or breathing CO2

2

Patients with ______ experience shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, fears of dying and going crazy.

panic disorder

2

What are the 2 anxiety components?

cognitive and the physiologic state of hyperarousal

3

What is the generic name for Paxil?

paroxetine

4

The familial risk for panic disorder suggests 40%heritability and onset is ______.

during young adulthood

5

Intense fear of scrutiny in public = ?

Social Phobia

5

OCD is a brain disease in which ______ dysregulation appears to play a significant role, particularly in the striatum, part of the basal ganglia, which includes the caudate and lentiform nucleus.

serotonin

7

Recurrent & unexpected attacks = ?

Panic Disorder

7

The familial risk for panic disorder suggests ____%heritability and onset is during young adulthood.

40

8

OCD is a brain disease in which serotonin dysregulation appears to play a significant role, particularly in the ____ and the ___, which includes the ____ and ____.

striatum, basal ganglia; caudate and lentiform nucleus.

8

What is the brand name for venlafaxine?

Effexor

9

What is the generic name for Lexapro?

escitalopram

10

Approximately 90 percent of patients with generalized anxiety disorder answer affirmatively when asked, "____?"

During the past four weeks, have you been bothered by feeling worried, tense, or anxious most of the time?

11

What are the first line treatments for anxiety (and major depressive) disorders?

SSRIs and venlafaxine

12

This is a learned meditation technique that teaches people to focus on the present moment & to accept their thoughts in a nonjudgmental manner.

mindfulness meditation

13

What is the brand name for escitalopram?

Lexapro

15

Recurrent obsessions and compulsions = ?

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

15

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder = ?

Recurrent obsessions and compulsions

16

Alpha-2 antagonists, such as _____, increase available norepinephrine and can precipitate panic attacks, as do lactate infusions and breathing C02.

yohimbine

18

Patients with panic disorder experience ____, ____, ____, ____, and _____.

shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain, fears of dying, and going crazy

19

Depression and anxiety disorders can lead to chronically elevated levels of ____ and ______.

cortisol; norepinephrine

21

______, such as yohimbine, increase available norepinephrine and can precipitate panic attacks, as do lactate infusions and breathing C02.

Alpha-2 antagonists

23

Social Phobia = ?

Intense fear of scrutiny in public

24

What is the brand name for paroxetine?

Paxil

25

Anxiety in men and women influences the onset of cardiac disease via _____, _____, and _____.

stress induced atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, and reduced heart-rate variability

26

What is the generic name for venlafaxine?

Effexor

27

What is the brand name for sertraline?

Zoloft

29

Generalized Anxiety Disorder = ?

Intense worry about most things in life

30

Approximately ____ percent of patients with generalized anxiety disorder answer affirmatively when asked, "During the past four weeks, have you been bothered by feeling worried, tense, or anxious most of the time?"

90

32

Intense worry about most things in life = ?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

33

What is mindfulness meditation?

a learned meditation technique that teaches people to focus on the present moment & to accept their thoughts in a nonjudgmental manner

34

Depression and anxiety disorders can cause what comorbidities?

  • adverse heart rhythms
  • increased blood pressure
  • altered blood clotting
  • elevated insulin and cholesterol levels

35

  • Dx?
  • shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • numbness and tingling around the mouth and fingers
  • feelings of choking
  • feelings of unreality, confusion
  • feel as if they are dying of a heart attack or are going crazy

panic disorder

37

An important risk factor for developing panic disorder is ______.

childhood asthma

38

What is anxiety?

the response to real or imagined danger

39

Antidepressants should be started at ______ dose to minimize side effects in these hyper-alert and worried people.

one half (or less) of the usual starting dose

40

What is the generic name for Zoloft?

sertraline

41

Antidepressants should be started at one half (or less) of the usual starting dose to ______ in these hyper-alert and worried people.

minimize side effects

42

Panic Disorder = ?

Recurrent & unexpected attacks

43

_____ is a brain disease in which serotonin dysregulation appears to play a significant role, particularly in the striatum, part of the basal ganglia, which includes the caudate and lentiform nucleus.

OCD