Pharmacology Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Exam 1 Deck (117)
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31

Factors affecting absorption

Oral medication has to dissolve first so it takes a lot longerSyrups are faster then tabletsIV drugs don't need absorbedDepending on the food that's already in your stomach it could take longer for the medication to absorbedBlood flow to the digestive tract is important

32

The amount of drug required to produce a therapeutic effect

Minimum effective concentration

33

The level of drug that will result in serious adverse effects

Toxic concentration

34

The dosage range or serum concentration that achieves the desired drug affect, between the minimum effective concentration and the toxic concentration

Therapeutic range

35

The length of time for the plasma concentration of a medication to decrease by half after the administration

Plasma half life

36

Large dose given at the beginning of treatment to rapidly obtain the therapeutic effect of a drug

Loading dose

37

Dose that is less than the loading dose to keep the plasma drug concentration continuously in the therapeutic range

Maintenance dose

38

Time it takes for a therapeutic effect of a drug to appear, when it starts working/kicking in

Onset of drug action

39

When its the highest amount of drug in the bloodstream, the strongest affect before dropping off

Peak of plasma level

40

The length of time that the therapeutic drug lasts before you need to give them another dose of medicine

Duration of drug action

41

A drug that is capable of binding to receptors, does the action of a natural substance, and induce a cellular response

Agonist

42

A drug that blocks the response of another drug, prevents chemicals from acting

Antagonist

43

Medication that produces a weaker, or less efficient response than an agonist, such as pain meds

Partial agonist

44

Receptors bind to drugs, whether they are good or bad, but drugs can stop these receptors, causing inihibition

Receptors & Drug action

45

List in order the steps of the nursing process

1. Assessment2. Nursing diagnosis3. Planning goals and outcomes4. Implementing5. Evaluating

46

The part of the nursing process where you gather information and collect data about your patient

Assessment

47

Clinical judgement part of the nursing process made about the patient's health within the nurse's scope of practice, so what the nurse is able to control, two basic ways of of analyzing the patient would be by deficient knowledge and noncompliance

Nursing Diagnosis

48

The phase of the nursing process in which nurses prioritize their diagnosis, educate the patient about it, and formulate goals/outcomes

Planning

49

The part of the nursing process when the patient reassesses the patient and comes up with the nursing interventions that would allow the patient to move forward such as re administering a drug

Implementing

50

The part of the nursing process that compares the patient's current health with the desired, continues to modify the care plan

Evaluating

51

A drug or other agent that causes developmental birth defects because a fetus or embryo was exposed to it and it caused damage

Teratogen

52

The taking of multiple drugs at the same time

Polypharmacy

53

Changes in enzyme structure and function due to the encoding gene, so changes in DNA

Genetic polymorphism

54

The area of pharmacology that examines the role of genetics in drug responses

Pharmacogenetics

55

Treatments that consider the health of the whole person and promote disease prevention, often safer than medications

Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM)

56

What are the 5 categories of teratogenic drug classification

A: No risk to the fetusB: No risk in animal studies, well controlledC: Animal studies indicate there is a riskD: A risk has been provenX: The risk is greater and outweighs the benefits (an X classification will definitely harm the fetus)

57

Differences that a nurse should be aware of when administering medications to children

They have decreased and slower gastricsTheir liver and kidneys are immatureThey have a lower blood pressureYou should administer drugs in a non-traumatic way

58

Differences that a nurse should be aware of when administering medications to adults

They have slower gastric emptying timesThey have decreased blood flow through the liver and kidneysThey have decreased and slower GI mobility

59

Explain the roles of complementary and alternative medicine in promoting patient wellness

Focuses on treating patients as individualsConsiders the health of the whole personEmphasizes the integration of mind and bodyPromotes disease prevention, selfcare, and self healingRecognizes the role of spirituality and health in healing

60

Why are drugs important in the context of emergency preparedness

They are the most powerful tool available to the medical community for bioterrorism and world wide epidemics