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Flashcards in Pharmacology Exam 1 Deck (117)
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61

Program designed to ensure the immediate deployment of essential medical materials to a community in the event of a large scaled chemical or biological attack

Strategic National Stockpile (SNS)

62

Caused by the bacterium Bacillus antracis which causes severe disease and high mortality in humans, normally effects domestic and wild animals

Anthrax

63

Removing poison from the stomach

Gastric lavage

64

A carbon based drug that is used to absorb poisons

Activated charcoal

65

Considered for potentially toxic ingestion of sustained release or enteric coated drugs, removing poisons from the bowels

Whole bowel irrigation

66

Identify the divisions of the peripheral nervous system

Made up of Motor Neurons & Sensory NeuronsMotor Neurons are made up of the Somatic and Autonomic nervous systemsThe Autonomic Nervous System is made up of the Parasympathetic (Cholinergic) and Sympathetic (Adrenergic)The sympathetic is also made up of alphas and betas

67

This system prepares the body for stressful or energetic activity, activating the fight-or-flight response

Sympathetic

68

The system dominates during the time of rest-and-digest and it also directs maintenance activities

Parasympathetic

69

The system where the brain and the spinal cord both receive and process information then initiate actions

Central Nervous system

70

The system of all the nerves and tissues outside of the CNS which transmits signals between CNS and the rest of the body

Peripheral Nervous system

71

Activates involuntary responses over the contractions of smooth and cardiac muscle, glands, and organs

Autonomic Nervous system

72

Activated under the conditions of the fight or flight response

Sympathetic division of the Autonomic Nervous system

73

Activated under the nonstressful conditions and produces a rest and digest response

Parasympathetic division of the Autonomic Nervous System

74

Stimulate the sympathetic division (fight-or-flight) and are made up of Alpha and Beta receptors. can also be selective or non selective

Adrenergic receptors

75

Stimulate the parasympathetic division (rest-and-digest) and are nerves that release acetylcholine which stimulates smooth muscle, gland secretion, and a decreased heart rate

Cholinergic receptors

76

What are the autonomic nervous system's 2 primary neurotransmitters...

NorepinephrineAcetylcholine

77

These STIMULATE the sympathetic nervous system and what responses we would get such as fight or flight, decreased heart rate

Sympathomimetics

78

These INHIBIT sympathetic nervous systems, opposite the sympathomimetics

Adrenergic antagonists

79

These STIMULATE the parasympathetic nervous system, producing the rest and digest response

Parasympathomimetics

80

These INHIBIT the parasympathetic nervouse system, they are cholinergic blocking agents

Anticholinergics

81

Having a large drop in blood pressure as you stand up, making you dizzy and sometimes causing falls. This is a side effect of raking Prazosin (minipress) which is used to lower blood pressure

Orthostatic hypotension

82

Any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care provider, patient, or consumer

Medication Error

83

Name the organizations involved with medication safety

Food & Drug Administration (FDA)U.S. Pharmacopoeia (USP)Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP)Joint Commission

84

Oversees the safety of consumer products, such as medicines, biologics, cosmetics, food, and medical devices

FDA

85

Creates a system of standards and quality, also only admits drugs that meet the guidelines, heparin labeling situation

US Pharmacopoeia

86

A nonprofit, independent watch dog, safe medicines and error prevention, collects info on errors, research, and educate patients

Institute for Safe Medication Practices

87

Improves safety in health care institutions, provides accreditation, the goal is to reduce the risk of bad outcomes

Joint Commission

88

What are the 3 different delivery systems

Unit doseMultiple doseAutomated medication dispensing system (AMD)

89

Medications packaged individually like the ones we use in lab

Unit dose

90

Medications with more than one dose in a container so like a bottle of pills

Multiple dose