Pharmacology Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pharmacology Exam 1 Deck (117)
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91

Medications that come from a computer storage and dispensing system like the one in lab

Automated medication dispensing system

92

What are the 6 rights of medication administration

PatientDrugDoseRouteTimeDocumentation

93

What are the 3 times you check the medication before administering

When collecting the medicationsBefore entering the patient's roomAt the bedside

94

Describe point-of-care barcode technology and how it improves the accuracy of medications

1. Scan the patients ID bracelet barcode2. Scan medication barcode and the computer will say if its a matchThis improves accuracy of medication administration and reduces the # of drug-related errors

95

Proper method of administering oral drugs

wash handscheck for allergiescheck label 3 timesmake sure the drug is appropriate for the patientmake sure the head is elevatedgive a sip of water to make sure they can swallowdo not give if nauseous or vomitingopen unit dose at the bedsidepour liquid at eye levelfollow with water

96

What are the 6 different types of medication orders

Routine medsStanding medsPRN (as needed)One time/single orderASAP or NowSTAT

97

What are the 5 components of a medication label

The chemical composition The disease or disorder that the drug treatsPrescribing guidelinesKnown drug reactions and interactionsWarnings and cautions about the drug

98

What are some different types of solid medications

TabletsCapsulesGranulesChewableCoatedEffervescent Modified releaseMultilayerOrally disintegratingSolubleTrocheLozenge

99

What are some different types of liquid medications

SolutionsSuspensionsEmulsionsElixirsSyrups

100

Identify the major types of anxiety disorders

Generalized anxietyPanic DisorderPhobiaSocial anxietyObsessive Compulsive disorderPost traumatic stress disorder

101

Stress disorder where you're always worried, nervous, symptoms, lasting more than 6 months

Generalized anxiety disorders

102

Stress disorder with intense panic, attacks lasting 10 min, interferes with daily activities

Panic disorder

103

Stress disorder where you get anxiety from speaking in front of people, not wanting to be with people at all

Social anxiety

104

Stress disorder where you repeat behaviors, hand washing, light switches

Obsessive compulsive disorder

105

Stress disorder that happens after a traumatic event/natural disaster

Post traumatic stress disorder

106

Region of the brain associated with feelings of stress and anxiety

Limbic system (middle of the brain)

107

Region of the brain associated with high alertness, you're not drowsy, not sleepy

Reticular formation (connects with hypothalamus)

108

Region of the brain associated with wakefulness

Reticular activating system (RAS)

109

What are the classes of medication used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders

Antidepressants: LexaproBenzodiazepines: AtivanBarbituates Non benzo/non barbituates: Ambien

110

Requires different classes of drugs that cause loss of sensation to the entire body, usually resulting in loss of consciousness

General anesthesia

111

Loss of sensation to a limited part of the body

Local anesthesia

112

5 types of local anesthesia

EpiduralInfiltrationNerve blockSpinalTopical

113

Injection into the skin immediately at the surgical site-blocks a specific amount of small nerves

Infiltration

114

Injection into tissue that may be distant from the operation site (regional)-blocks sensation into a limb or a large area like the face

Nerve block

115

Multiple/combination of drugs are used to rapidly induce unconsciousness, allow muscle relaxation, maintain anesthesia3-5 drugs combined so you don't get the side effects of just one drug

Balanced anesthesia

116

A genetically inherited problem, reaction to the anesthetic agent when you have a rapid increase in body temperature

Malignant hypothermia

117

Inhibits the amount of seratonin so that it'll stay in the system longer..?

Selective seratonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)