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Flashcards in Psychological Development Deck (29):
1

Development takes place in context of 2 things:

cultural
historical

2

development time frame?

throughout life course

3

2 kinds of milestones:

1. universal
2. sensitive periods

4

Culture is stable?

changes over time
transmitted from generation to generation

5

most work by developmental psychs done on?

western pop

6

Erikson's theory is how many stages? what was his main point?

7 stages
step by step growth
critical time periods

7

Problems with Erikson's theory

1950s
hard to test
not enough negative development
too linear

8

Developmental task is?

task arises at certain time in person's life = happiness and future task success

9

weakness with tasks approach?

timeframes change with socioculture

10

trajectories and turning points are?

trajectory: sum of forces towards a direction
turning point: disruption in trajectory, impact life destinations

11

importance of early experiences on life trajectories may result in:

chain reactions and cumulative effects

12

potential for change in life during what events?

turning points

13

transactional model means?

multiple factors operate dynamically and bi-directionally

14

what is a matrix of disadvantage example?

parents of children with disruptive behaviour disorders have more domestic violence, substance abuse etc.

15

Gene-environment interactions means?

some environments will switch on certain genes

16

Genes contribute how much to behavioural traits?

30-80%

17

deprivation of early maternal care messes with what NT?

MAOa

18

what is multifinality?

one risk factor leading to multiple outcomes

19

what is equifinality?

several risk factors all contributing to one outcome eg. depression

20

2 kinds of protective factors:

internal resources
external/environmental resources

21

older age group example of internal protective factors?

positive self-perceptions of aging leads to better health behaviours

22

temperament genetic heritability is around?

50-60%

23

4 dimensions of temperament?

1. harm avoidance
2. reward dependence
3. novelty seeking
4. persistence

24

Resilience definition?

dynamic process emcompassing positive adaptation during significant adversity

25

resilience focussed on which pop?

adolescence

26

Resilience is innate?

can be learned

27

after adverse event 4 things can happen:

succumbing
survival with impairment
resilience
thriving

28

Resilence does not mean?

avoidance of all stressors or adversity

29

2 processes of resilience in later life?

assimilation: adjust environment
accommodation: adjust self