Section 5B Greek to English Flashcards Preview

Reading Greek: Text part 1, Sections 1-7 > Section 5B Greek to English > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 5B Greek to English Deck (50):
1

ἅπτω

light; fasten, fix

2

ἔνειμι

be in

3

κακὰ ποιέω or κακῶς ποιέω

treat badly; do harm to

4

κολάζω

punish

5

νεᾱνίας, ὁ

young man

6

νέος, ᾱ, ον

young

7

οἰκέτης, ὁ

house-slave

8

παύω

stop

9

πείθομαι (+ dat.)

trust, obey (+ dat.)

10

φής

you (s.) say

11

χρέα, τά

debts

12

χρηστός, ή, όν

good, fine, serviceable

13

ΣΤΡΕΨ. (suddenly decides to check on his debts) ἀλλὰ τί ὀφείλω;

STREPSIADES But what do I owe?

14

παῖ, δεῦρ’ ἐλθέ·

Slave! Come here!

15

ἅπτε λύχνον.

Light a lamp.

16

νῦν γὰρ οὐχ ὁρῶ οὐδέν·

For I can’t see anything now;

17

νὺξ γάρ ἐστι βαθεῖα.

for it is deep night.

18

ΘΕΡΑΠΩΝ πῶς οὖν λύχνον ἅπτω, ὦ δέσποτα;

SLAVE And how can I light the lamp, master?

19

ἰδού· ἔλαιον οὐκ ἔνεστιν ἐν τῷ λύχνῳ.

Look! There is no oil in the lamp.

20

ΣΤΡΕΨ. τί φῄς;

STR. What are you saying?

21

ἔλαιον οὐκ ἔχει ὁ λύχνος;

The lamp has no oil?

22

οἴμοι τάλας.

Unhappy me!

23

δεῦρ’ ἐλθὲ καὶ κλαῖε.

Come here and weep!

24

(lifts his hand to strike, but checks himself) ὡς κακός ἐσθ’ ὁ πόλεμος.

How evil is the war!

25

τοὺς γὰρ οἰκέτας οὐ κολάζω οὐκέτι, καίπερ ἀγροὺς ὄντας.

I no longer punish my slaves, although they are idle.

26

ὁ γὰρ πολεμος κωλύει.

For the war stops [me].

27

οἴμοι τῶν κακῶν.

Alas for my troubles!

28

νῦν γὰρ ἡμεῖς μὲν κελεύομεν, ἐκεῖνοι δ’ οὐ πείθονται.

For now we give orders, but they do not obey.

29

ἀλλ’ ὅτε νέοι ἦμεν ἡμεῖς, τότε οἱ γέροντες ἀεὶ ἐκόλαζον τοὺς οἰκέτας.

But when we were young, then the old men always used to punish their slaves.

30

ἀργοὶ οὖν οὐκ ἦσαν ἐκεῖνοι, οὐδὲ τοὺς δεσπότας κακὰ ἐποίουν, ...

So they were not idle, nor did they treat their masters badly,

31

... ἦσαν δὲ χρηστοὶ καὶ ἀεὶ ἐπείθονται.

but were good and always obeyed.

32

ἐφοβοῦντο γὰρ τὴν κόλασιν.

For they were afraid of punishment.

33

(with determination) ἀλλὰ διὰ τί οὐ σῴζω ἑμαυτὸν καὶ τὸν ὑιὸν ἐκ τῶν χρεῶν;

But why don’t I save myself and my son from our debts?

34

διὰ τί οὐ ζητῶ γνώμην τινά, ...

Why don’t I look for some scheme,

35

... καὶ παύω τὰ χρέα ταῦτα;

and put and end to these debts?

36

(thinks furiously) νῦν οὖν, ὦ Στρεπψιαδή, σῷζε σεαυτόν.

Now, Strepsiades, save yourself!

37

(in triumph) ἰοὺ ἰού. γνώμην τινὰ ἔχω.

Hurray, hurray! I have a plan!

38

νῦν δὲ διὰ τί οὐ παύω καθεύδοντα τοῦτον τὸν νεανίαν;

Now why don’t I stop this young man sleeping?

39

ἅπτω

light; fasten, fix

40

ἔνειμι

be in

41

κακὰ ποιέω or κακῶς ποιέω

treat badly; do harm to

42

κολάζω

punish

43

νεᾱνίας, ὁ

young man

44

νέος, ᾱ, ον

young

45

οἰκέτης, ὁ

house-slave

46

παύω

stop

47

πείθομαι (+ dat.)

trust, obey (+ dat.)

48

φής

you (s.) say

49

χρέα, τά

debts

50

χρηστός, ή, όν

good, fine, serviceable

Decks in Reading Greek: Text part 1, Sections 1-7 Class (62):