Set 10 Arthrology and Special Senses Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 10 Arthrology and Special Senses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 10 Arthrology and Special Senses Deck (42):
1

What ligament runs along the anterior margin of the vertebral bodies?

anterior longitudinal ligament

2

What is the ALL called from atlas to occiput?

anterior atlantooccipital ligament

3

What ligament runs along the posterior margin of the vertebral bodies?

posterior longitudinal ligament

4

What is the PLL called from axis to occiput?

membrane tectoria

5

Where does ligamentum flava run?

from lamina to lamina

6

Where is the interspinous ligament thickest?

lumbars

7

What is the supraspinous ligament from C7-occiput called?

ligamentum nuchae

8

What ligament holds the dens in the fovea dentes of the atlas?

transverse ligament

9

What ligament runs from the body of C2 to occiput?

cruciform

10

What ligament runs from the sides of the dens to the occiput?

alar, aka check ligament

11

What is the function of the alar ligament?

limits rotation

12

Where does the apical dental ligament run?

from the tip of the dens to the rim of the occiput

13

What is the function of the denticulate ligament?

anchors the spinal cord to the bony vertebral canal

14

What ligaments can affect the IVF?

ligamentum flavum and the posterior longitudinal ligament

15

What are the special senses?

taste, smell, sight, and hearing

16

What are the taste papillae?

circumvallate, fungiform, and foliate

17

What papillae have no taste function?

filiform

18

What taste bud is the largest and fewest?

circumvallate

19

What do circumvallate papillae taste?

bitter

20

What is the arrangement of circumvallate papillae on the tongue

8-12 in a V shape

21

What is the most numerous taste bud?

fungiform

22

What taste buds are found on the posterior roof and lateral margins of the mouth?

foliate

23

What is the innervation path for taste in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue?

CN VII -> chorda tympani -> pterygopalatine ->solitary tract and nucleus

24

What does the anterior 2/3 of the tongue taste?

sweet, sour, and salty

25

What does the posterior 1/3 of the tongue taste?

bitter

26

What is the innervation for taste in the posterior 1/3 of the tongue?

CN IX glossopharyngeal

27

What is the innervation for taste in the epiglottis and larynx?

CN X

28

What does the epiglottis and larynx taste?

bitter

29

What does the retina develop from?

ectoderm

30

What does the sclera develop from?

dura

31

What is included in retinal cells?

amacrine, bipolar, ganglion, horizontal, pigments, rods and cones

32

What is the nerve path for vision?

retina -> optic nerve -> optic chiasm -> optic tract (connects superior colliculus) -> lateral geniculate nucleus -> optic radiations -> calcarine fissure of the occipital lobe

33

What is the fovea centralis?

center of the macula lutea, provides greatest visual acuity

34

What is found in the fovea centralis?

only cones

35

What is the "blind spot" where the optic nerve and vessels attach to the eye?

optic disc

36

What does the ciliary muscle control?

lens shape

37

What is the nerve pathway for the auditory pathway?

spiral ganglion -> cohlear nerve -> ventral -> dorsal cochlear nucleus -> lateral lemniscus -> inferior colliculus -> medial geniculate -> temporal lobe

38

What is the sound pathway?

external auditory meatus -> tympanic membrane -> handle of malleus -> incus -> stapes -> oval window -> cochlea -> round window

39

What do the semicircular canals monitor?

angular acceleration and deceleration

40

What do the utricle and saccule monitor?

linear acceletration

41

What runs from the middle ear to the nasopharyngeal area?

auditory tube

42

What is another name for the auditory tube?

eustachian tube