Set 26 Epidemiology/Diseases Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 26 Epidemiology/Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 26 Epidemiology/Diseases Deck (56):
1

What is the United States Public Health Service?

national public health agency

2

What is the Center For Disease Control?

epidemiological studies, disease prevention, immunization schedules, work with international public health organizations

3

What is the World Health Organization?

coordinates efforts to improve public health

4

What is the Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry?

reviews reports of public health assessment before info disclosed to public

5

What is the National Priorities List?

Special US EPA list of national hazardous waste sites

6

What is the Department of Health?

chiropractic license, infected meat, food recalls

7

What is the Department of Environment Protection?

protects air, water, and land

8

What is the Public Health Department?

serves health needs, especially underprivileged

9

What is commensalism?

one benefits and the other doesn't care

10

What foods does staph occur in?

gram +, custard, egg, tuna, 2-4 hrs

11

What foods does botulism occur in?

gram +, improperly canned, smoked fish, 18-26 hrs

12

What foods does Listeria occur in?

gram +, unpasturized dairy, hot dogs, lunch meats, 2 weeks

13

What foods does E coli occur in?

gram -, 0157:H7, undercooked meat, vegetables, fruit exposed to fecal, 2 days

14

What foods does salmonella occur in?

gram -, poultry, meats and eggs, 12-48 hrs

15

What foods does shigella occur in?

gram -, foods and water, 1-2 days

16

What foods does cholera occur in?

gram -, seafood and water, 1-5 days

17

What foods does francisella tularensis occur in?

gram -, undercooked meat, few hrs to 3 weeks

18

What foods does mycobacterium bovis occur in?

raw milk, can get TB, months to years

19

What is an arbovirus?

virus spread by arthropods

20

What viruses are spread by mosquitos?

eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, west nile, st. louis encephalitis, california encephalitis, rift valley fever, dengue fever, and yellow fever

21

What are the symptoms of eastern equine encephalitis?

sudden fever, severe headache, seizures, coma, 50% die

22

What are the symptoms of western equine encephalitis?

fever, headache, stiff neck, vomitting, 3% die

23

What are the symptoms of west nile?

fever, headache, can cause encephalitis

24

What are the symptoms of st. louis encephalitis?

fever, headache, encephalitis, mostly elderly affected

25

What are the symptoms of california encephalitis?

fever, headache, abdominal pain, and encephalitis

26

What are the symptoms of rift valley fever?

causes bleeding and encephalitis

27

What are the symptoms of dengue fever?

fever, rash, and headache (dengue triangle)

28

What are the symptoms of yellow fever?

fever, headache and nose bleeds

29

What are the diseases spread by ticks?

colorado tick fever, lyme disease, and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

30

What are the symptoms of Colorado tick fever?

fever, headache, chills eye pain

31

What are the symptoms of lyme disease?

bulls eye rash

32

What are the symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted fever?

rash on hands and feet

33

What does nosocomial mean?

hospital born

34

What does zoonosis mean?

animals

35

What does eukaryotic mean?

fungus

36

What does fomite mean?

inanimate, causes dx

37

What does procaryotic mean?

bacteria

38

What is hanta virus?

dried rat feces

39

What are the re-emerging diseases?

TB, Small pox, Malaria, and Mumps

40

What is on the Biodefense List, Category A?

Anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fevers, arenaviruses(Lassa fever), bunya viruses(Hanta), Flaviruses (dengue), Filoviruses (ebola)

41

What are some other emerging diseases?

norovirus, avian influenza, scrub typhus, nipah fever, lyssa virus, and chandipura virus

42

What are the symptoms of norovirus?

aka Norwalk virus, 67% of all known foodborne illness in the US, fecal/oral or person to person, common in salad, sandwiches, ice, cold cuts, and raw/undercooked oysters and clams. 1-2 days

43

What are the symptoms of avian influenza?

H5N1, bird flu, complications and death

44

What are the symptoms of scrub typhus?

tsutsugamashi fever, maculopapular rash

45

What are the symptoms of nipah fever?

fatal, carried by pigs and bats, encephalitis, respiratory

46

What are the symptoms of lyssa virus?

rabies-like, leads to death

47

What are the symptoms of chandipura virus?

encephalitis from mosquitos, high fever, death

48

Turkish pine nuts:

salmonella

49

Jensen Farms Cantaloupes:

Listeria

50

Ground turkey:

salmonella

51

papayas:

salmonella

52

Alfalfa and spicy sprouts:

salmonella

53

turkey burgers:

salmonella

54

lebanon bologna:

E coli

55

Del Monte Cantaloupe:

salmonella

56

Hazelnuts:

E Coli