Set 29 Fungi Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 29 Fungi > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 29 Fungi Deck (47):
1

What areas are effected by superficial fungi?

hair, outer epidermis, epidermis, dermis, mucous membrane, and nails

2

Piedraia hortae:

black piedra, hair

3

Malassezia furfur:

looks like spaghetti, pityriasis versicolor, outer epidermis

4

What fungi cause dermatophysis?

microsporum, trichophyton, and epidermophyton

5

What is dermatophytosis?

tinea or ringworm of the scalp(capitis), body(corpus), hand(manuum), feet(athlete's foot), legs (crura), nails (unguium), and beard (berber)

6

Candida albicans:

candidiasis (yeast infection), moniliasis in children (thrush), browning of the nails

7

What areas are effected by subcutaneous fungi?

nodules below skin, large fungal tumors of limbs and extremities

8

Sporothrix schenckii:

sporotrichosis, pricked by a rose thorn

9

What can cause large fungal tumors of the limbs and extremities?

pseudallescharia boydii and madeurella mycetomatis

10

Coccidioides immitis:

spore dust, coccidiodomycosis (San Joaquin Valley Fever)

11

Blastomyces dermatitidis:

inhaled, North American blastomycosis (chicago disease)

12

histoplasma capsulatum:

chicken coup cleaning, histoplasmosis (ohio valley fever)

13

cryptococcus neoformans:

pigeon roosts, cryptococcosis

14

paracoccidiodes brasiliensis:

skin, paracoccidiodomycosis (South American blastomycosis)

15

Necrotic pneumonia:

fungus balls in lungs, aspergillus fumigatus

16

Trichuris trichuria:

whipworm, fecal pollution of soil with eggs

17

Ascaris lumbricoides:

intestinal nematode, fecal polution of soil with eggs

18

Enterobius vermicularis:

pinworm, close contact, "scotch tape test"

19

Necator americanus:

hookworm, anemia, barefoot sand, fecal pollution of soil with eggs

20

Ancylostoma duodenale:

hookworm, fecal pollution of soil with eggs

21

Strongloides stercoralis:

hookworm, may live free, fecal pollution of soil with eggs

22

Trichinella spiralis:

hookworm, pigs, wild mammals, consumption of meat containing larvae

23

Wuchereria Bancrofti:

humans, mosquitos, elephantitis

24

Onchocerca volvulus:

river blindness, humans, black flies

25

Loa loa:

humans, margrove fliers, deer flies

26

dracunculus medinenesis:

humans and cyclops (aquatic invertebrate)

27

schistosoma japonicum, mansoni, and haematobium:

humans and snails, ingestion of fresh water containing larval stage

28

opisthorchis sinensis:

humans, snails, and fish, consumption of fish

29

paragonimus westermani:

humans, mammals, snails, crabs, consumption of crabs

30

Taenia Saginata:

humans, cattle, largest tapeworm, "sagging beef", consumption of undercooked or raw beef

31

Taenia Solium:

humans, swine "pork's got sole", consumption of undercooked or raw pork

32

Hymenolepis nana:

dwarf, humans, tapeworm, consumption of undercooked meat

33

Echinococcus granuloses:

humans, dogs, canine feces

34

Diphyllobothrium latum:

humans, fish, "longest tapeworm", causes B12 deficiency, consumption of raw or undercooked fish

35

Entamoeba histilytica:

amebic dysentery, trophozite

36

balantidium coli:

colitis, trophozoite

37

naegleria fowleri:

primary acute meninioencephalitis, trophozoite

38

giordia lamblia:

camper's diarrhea, malabsorption, flagellates in stool, trophozoite

39

Trichomoas vaginalis:

urethritis, vaginitis, trophozoite

40

Pneumocystis carinii:

fungus, opportunisitc lung infection, trophozoite, lung, immunodepressed

41

Plasmodium falciporum:

black water fever, malignant tertian malaria, anopheles, vector: mosquito

42

Babesia microti:

bovis, babesiasis, similar to malaria in S/S and TX

43

Trypanosoma rhodesiense, gambiense, brucei:

african sleeping sickness, vector: tse tse fly, deadly, rhodesiense is the most fatal and fast moving

44

Trypanosoma Cruzi:

chagas disease, vector: reduviid bug, heart, esophagus, and colon (Mega)

45

Leishmania donovani:

kala-azar 75-95%, fatal if untreated, increased pigmentation, splenomegaly, decrease bone marrow, vector: sand fly

46

Leishmania tropica, mexicana, brasiliensis:

cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, vector: sand fly

47

Toxoplasma gondii:

CNS Dx, transplacental, toxoplasmosis, cat feces