Set 27 Bacteria Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Set 27 Bacteria Deck (49):
1

What do the gram positive bacteria have in their name?

US and UM

2

What is the exception to the US and UM of gram pos bacteria?

Haemophilis is gram neg

3

Staphylococcus aureus:

clustered, scalded skin syndrome (boils, skin inflammation, and osteomyelitis), toxic shock syndrome, and impetigo (cause fomite)

4

Bacillus anthracis:

anthrax, Woolsorter's, aerobic

5

Clostridium botulinum:

botulism, flaccid paralysis, 12-36 hrs, boil for 20 min

6

Clostridium tetani:

rusty nails, 8 days, tetanus, lock jaw, and spastic paralysis

7

Clostridium perfringens:

wound, brown bubbles, 24-72 hrs, gas gangrene

8

Mycobacterium:

rods, TB and leprosy (hansen's), Tine(scratch test), Mantoux(inject test), acid fast stain, lesions with scales that fall off

9

Who worked with Streptococcus pyogenes?

Rebecca Lansfield

10

Streptococcus pyogenes(group A):

chain, rheumatic fever (jones criteria), Syndenham's chorea, Polyarthritis, Eryhtmia marginatum, Carditis, and Subcutaneous nodules (SPECS), Mitis-Salivarius Agar, strep throat, Scarlet Fever, DICK test, strawberry tongue

11

Streptococcus pyogenes(group B):

babies, neonatal meningitis, occurs at birth

12

Streptococcus viridans:

subacute bacterial carditis

13

Streptococcus mutans:

dental caries "mutans in our mouth"

14

Lactobacillus listeria:

milk and cheese borne disease

15

Corynebacterium diptheria:

exotoxin, Babes Ernst bodies, schicktes, gray pseudomembrane on throat, DPT (old) DaPT (new)

16

CA-MRSA:

2.3 Mil carriers, Dx second only to HIV, skin scratch, lungs look like swiss cheese

17

Neisseria gonorrhea:

Thayer-Martin, diploe cocci, gonorrhea, STD, infantile vagina, cervix

18

Neisseria meningitidis:

menengitis and bacteremia

19

Pseudomonas aeruginosa:

hot tubs, blue/green pus, burn infections, hosptialized

20

Escheria coli:

traveler's, metal green sheen, UTI, infantile diarrhea, symptoms after 2 days

21

Shigella:

no fever (apyreyia), bacillary dysentary, tenesmus (want to go, but can't), vector: flies

22

Yersinia Pestis:

bubonic plague (black death), vector: rat felas

23

Haemophilus:

meningitis, only gram - that ends in "us" or "um"

24

Camylobacter jejuni:

most common bacterial gastroenteritis, contaiminated food and beverage, 2-5 days

25

Bordetella pertussis:

whooping cough, DPT vaccine

26

Brucella abortis:

brucellosis, meat, unpast dairy, acute/chronic phase

27

Franciesella tularenis:

rabbit fever, tularemia, terrorism threat

28

Legionella:

legionaires disease, pneumophila, water in AC units

29

Salmonella:

pea soup diarrhea, 2nd most common cause of gastroenteritis, meat, poultry, eggs, 12-72 hrs

30

Klebsiella:

pneumonia, red currant jelly sputum, immunodeficient

31

Vibrio cholera:

John Snow, comma shaped, dehydration, "rice water" stools, death, 24-48 hrs

32

Chlamydia Bittali:

ornithosis, birds, flu like, pneumonia

33

Chlamydia Trachomatis:

lymphogranuloma venerum, tricky dicky, most common STD in US

34

Ricketseria ricketsii:

Rocky Mtn Spotted Fever, headaches, chills, muscle pain, Tick Fever, Tick Typhus, N and S America, Rash on palms and soles to neck, face, axilla, and trunk

35

Ricketseria prowazekii:

prolonger high fever, headache, maculopopular rash, worldwide, epidemic typhus, louse feces

36

Tick typhus:

R. ricketsii

37

Epidemic typhus:

R. prowazekii

38

Murine typhus:

R. typhi

39

Scrub Typhus:

R. tsutsugamushi

40

Rickettsia typhi:

murine typhus, shaking, chills, headache, fever, caused by a flea, worldwide

41

Rickettsia tsutsugamushi:

scrub typhus, fever, primary lesion, macular rash, lymphadenopathy

42

Rochalimea quintana:

trench fever, louse, Africa, Mexico, Europe

43

Coxilla burnetii:

Q fever, acute sudden onset, fever, headache, malaise, dried milk, tick

44

Treponema pallidum:

syphilis, VDRL, FTA-ABS, 4-8 weeks: Green canchre on his wanker, 12 weeks: rash, months: gumma

45

Treponema pertenue:

yaws (ulcerations extremities)

46

Leptospira interrogans:

primary phase: high fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, conjunctivitis, and vomiting secondary phase: headache, kidney, hepatic, jaundice, anemia, neuro distrubances Weil's Syndrome, vector: rat urine

47

Borrelia recurrentis:

relapsing fever, lice, infection via mucous membranes

48

Borrelia hermsii:

squirrel or chipmunk tick, can be fatal

49

Borrelia burgdorferi:

Lyme disease, deer tick, Bulls-eye rash