Set 33 CV, Embryo and Nerves Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 33 CV, Embryo and Nerves > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 33 CV, Embryo and Nerves Deck (43):
1

Avg BPM?

75

2

Landmarks of the right atrium?

right auricle, pectinate muscle, crista terminalis

3

What chamber makes up most of the anterior surface of the heart?

right ventricle

4

What valve runs between the RA and RV?

tricuspid valve (5th left intercostal)

5

What attaches to the tricuspid valve?

chorda tendinea

6

Where does the blood that enters the left atrium come from?

pulmonary veins, very oxygen rich

7

What makes most of the posterior surface of the heart?

left atrium

8

What valve is between the LA and LV?

bicuspid aka mitral (5th L midclavicular)

9

What chamber pumps blood to the aorta?

left ventricle

10

What chamber makes up the apex of the heart?

left ventricle (apex at 5th L intercostal space)

11

What are the branches off the ext carotid?

Superior thyroid, Ascending pharyngeal, Lingual, Facial, Occipital, Posterior auricular, Superficial temporal, and Maxillary (Save A Lady Falling Out (of a) Plane Super Man)

12

What are the branches of the ascending aorta and aortic arch?

coronary, brachiocephalic (becomes right common carotid and right subclavian), left common carotid and left subclavian

13

What are the branches off of the abdominal aorta?

celiac trunk (left gastric, common hepatic, and splenic), superior mesenteric (small intestine, middle and right iliocolic), inferior mesenteric (left colic, sigmoid, and superior rectal

14

Which mediastinum has the ducks and geese?

posterior

15

What does the spleen store?

RBCs

16

What does the spleen produce?

lymphocytes and antibodies

17

epithelium of the skin and nervous tissue comes from the:

ectoderm

18

epithelium of the respiratory and GI comes from the:

endoderm

19

Everything else comes from:

mesoderm

20

Sclerotome=

vertebral column

21

myotome=

muscle

22

dermatone=

dermis of skin

23

60-70% of saliva comes from:

submandibular gland

24

What are the mesenteries?

double fold peritoneum that transmits vessels, nerves, and lymph

25

Where does the falciform ligament run?

left lobe of the liver to the diaphragm

26

What is contained in the falciform ligament?

periumbilical vein and ligamentum teres hepatis)

27

Where does the coronary ligament run?

right lobe of the liver to the diaphragm

28

Where is ligamentum venosum?

liver fissure, remnant of ductus venosus

29

Where does the lesser omentum run?

liver to lesser curvature of stomach

30

Where does the greater omentum run?

greater curvature of the stomach to the abdominal viscera

31

What do parietal cells secrete?

HCL and intrinsic factor

32

What do chief cells secrete?

pepsinogen

33

What does gherlin do?

stimulate hunger

34

What is the function of the brush border?

increases surface area for absorption

35

Epithelial cells in the SI make:

CCK

36

Columns of Morgani in the anus allow:

expansion

37

What is the largest visceral organ and largest gland in the body?

liver

38

The falciform ligament contains:

round ligament, aka ligamentum teres

39

What are the lobes of the liver?

left: caudate and quadrate right: anterior and posterior

40

What does the liver produce?

bile (RBCs in fetus)

41

What are the functions of the liver?

filters and detoxifies blood, protein synthesis

42

What does the liver store?

glycogen, vitamins, iron, and copper

43

What is the function of bile?

to emulsify fat