Flashcards in Set 31 Arthrology and Ligaments Deck (52):
What are the synarthrosis joints?
(immovable) sutures, gomphoses, and synchondroses
parietal bones of the skull, hard palate
teeth, styloid process in temporal bone
What are the amphiarthoris joints?
(slightly movable) syndesmosis and symphysis
between shafts of distal radius and ulna
pubis symphysis, IVD
What are the diarthrosis joints?
hinge, pivot, gliding, saddle, ellipsoid, ball and socket
(ginglymus) knee, elbow, phlanges, TMJ
(trochoid) atlas/axis, proximal radioulnar
carpals/tarsals, sternoclavicular, and costovertebral
(condyloid) radiocarpal and atlanto-occipital
Ball and Socket examples:
(spheroid) hip and shoulder
What joint has the greatest range of motion?
spheroid, aka ball and socket
What are the fibrous joints?
sutures, gomphoses, and syndesmosis
What are the cartilaginous joints?
synchondrosis and syndesmosis
What are the ligamentous and synovial joints?
hinge, pivot, gliding, ellipsoid, saddle, and ball & socket
What is the Unhappy Triad?
MAM, Medial meniscus, ACL, and Medial collateral ligament
What is the strongest ligament of the foot?
What is the most commonly injured ligament of the ankle and foot?
What are the three parts of the lateral ligament?
anterior and posterior talofibular and calcaneofibular
What is endochondral ossification?
cartilage is replaced by bone
What is intramembranous ossification?
What forms the Haversian canal?
compact bone aka Lamellae
Where is the Haversian canal?
central canal of the osteon
Where are lacunae found?
What are osteocytes?
mature cells in lacunae
What are canaliculi?
allow osteocytes to communicate
What is cancellous bone?
What is hydroxyapatite?
major inorganic component of bone
What is an osteoblast?
makes bone, builds bone
What is an osteoclast?
reabsorbs bone, breaks down bone
What is the diaphysis?
What disease has "rat bites"?
What are the cells of the oral cavity and anal canal?
Where are neurotransmitters stored?
Nerves and skin are derived from the:
What ligament resists anterior translation and medial rotation of tibia in relation to femur?
What ligament prevents the femur from sliding off the anterior edge of the tibia?
What ligament resists knee pushing medially?
What ligament distributes over 50% of the medial support of the elbow?
What ligament protects the elbow from twisting forces?
What ligament remains taught through flex and ext of the elbow?
What ligament wraps around the radial head and allows rotation?
What makes up the portal triad?
hepatic artery, hepatic portal vein, and common bile duct