Set 38 Urinary Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 38 Urinary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 38 Urinary Deck (55):
1

What are the UTIs?

glomerulo enphritis, pyelonephritis, nephrotic syndrome

2

glomerulo enphritis:

streptococcal infection, hematuria, RBC casts, proteinuria, HBP, and edema

3

pyelonephritis:

WBC casts, bilateral, inflammation of the renal pelvis

4

nephrotic syndrome:

prolonged protein permiability (proteinuria and hypoalbumenuria)

5

What are the LTIs?

urethritis and cystitis

6

Urethritis:

E coli, could lead to scaring

7

Cystitis:

common female infection, bladder infection

8

Broad UTIs (systemic):

PID, STDs

9

PID:

infection of female GI/GU

10

Prostate disorders:

Benign Prostate Hypertrophy, prostatitis, and cancer

11

Benign Prostate Hypertrophy:

lateral lobe, + or - urination and painful dysuria

12

prostatitis:

inflammation of prostate, infective gram -, chills, fever, urinary frequency, urgency, and LBP

13

Prostate cancer:

posterior lobe, men over 50, slow, progressive, urethral obstruction, hematuria, pyruia, and blastic metastasis, to the pelvis and lumbar spine

14

Inguinal hernia:

abnormal protrusion of tissue, may need surgery to prevent strangulation of testes

15

Balanitis:

inflammation of glans penis and prepuce

16

Orchitis:

testicular inflammation

17

phimosis:

constriction of foreskin, cannot be retracted

18

Hypospadias:

urethral defect on ventral surface "boots"

19

Epispadias:

urethral defect on dorsal surface "goggles"

20

Priapism:

painful, persistant, abnormal erection

21

Peyeronie's disease:

dysplasia of cavernous sheaths with fibrosis, aka crooked penis

22

hydrocele:

generalized swelling in scrotum

23

spermatocele:

localized swelling

24

Varicocele:

varicose veins, "bag of worms"

25

Hematocele:

blood in testes

26

Cryptochidism:

undescended testicles

27

Paraphimosis:

turtle neck

28

When is FSH secreted?

first half of the cycle, stimulaes egg development

29

When is LH secreted?

mid cycle, from the pituitary, cause ovulation

30

When is estrogen secreted?

first half of the cycle, proliferation, increased in pregnancy

31

When is progesterone secreted?

second half of cycle, secretion, increased in pregnancy

32

Endometriosis:

ectopic endometrium, painful menstruation

33

Salpingitis:

infection of fallopian tubes, under 35, IUD increases risk, ectopic pregnancy

34

When is HCG released?

pregnancy

35

Ectopic pregnancy:

improper implantation, rupture could cause sterilization or death

36

Hydatidiform mole:

instead of fetus, benign mass

37

Choliocarcinoma:

instead of fetus, cancerous mass

38

Ovarian tumor:

increase in hormone secretion, tumor of the ovaries, over 50

39

Breast cancer:

increased in obesity, nulliparous, early menarche, late menopause

40

Increased growth hormone:

children: gigantism, adult: acromegaly

41

decreased growth hormone:

dwarfism

42

Target organi of GH:

bone and cartilage

43

Increased TSH:

hyperthyroidism aka Graves (weight loss, insomnia, goiter, nervousness, and HBP)

44

decreased TSH:

hypothyroidism: children: cretinism & adult: myxedema

45

What is the most common thyroid disease?

Hasimotot;s

46

increased ACTH:

hyperadrenalism aka Cushing's (moon face, hirsutism, purple striae, weight gain, hypertension, and buffalo hump)

47

decreased ACTH:

hypoadrenalism aka Addison's (bronze skin, hypotension)

48

Decreased LH:

rare fertile eunuch syndrome

49

decreased prolactin:

rare: fail to lactate

50

increased MSH:

dark skin

51

no MSH:

albino

52

Function of oxytocin:

uterine contraction and milk let down

53

Function of ADH and vasopressin?

inhibits urination

54

Diabetes mellitus:

pancreas, insulin deficiency disorder, polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia

55

Diabetes insipidus:

pituitary, ADH dediciency, polydypsia and polyuria