Set 6 ANS and Osteology Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 6 ANS and Osteology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 6 ANS and Osteology Deck (34):
1

What does the ANS innervate?

involuntary structures: smooth muscle, heart, and glands

2

What cord levels are sympathetic?

T1-L1/L2 (sometimes L3)

3

What is the length of preganglionic sympathetic axons?

short

4

What is the length of postganglionic sympathetic axons?

long

5

What is the preganglionic sympathetic neurotransmitter?

ACH (acetylcholine)

6

What is the postganglionic sympathetic neurotransmitter?

epinepherine or norepinepherine

7

What cord levels are parasympathetic?

S2-S4 (and CNs III, VII, IX, and X) (craniosacral)

8

What is the length of preganglionic parasympathetic axons?

long

9

What is the length of postganglionic parasympathetic axons?

short

10

What is the postganglionic parasympathetic neurotransmitter?

ACH

11

What is the preganglionic parasympathetic neurotransmitter?

ACH

12

When does ossification begin?

7-8 weeks (embryo)

13

What are the cranial sutures?

coronal, sagittal, lambdoidal, and squamous

14

What structures are associated with the ethmoid bone?

cribriform plate and crista galli

15

What structures are associated with the maxillary bone?

hard palate, palatine process, and orbital process

16

What structures are associated with the sphenoid bone?

sella turcica, foramen ovale, foramen rotundum, foramen lacerum, and foramen spinosum

17

What bones make up the orbit?

sphenoid, frontal, zygomatic, palatine, ethmoid, lacrimal, and maxillary

18

What are the 3 primary ossification centers on a vertebra?

body and 2 vertebral arches (lam/ped)

19

What are the 5 secondary ossification centers on a vertebra?

tip of spinous process, 2 transverse processes, and 2 annular ring epiphyyes

20

What are the 2 additional ossification centers for lumbar vertebrae?

mamillary processes

21

What are the typical ribs?

9-Mar

22

What are the atypical ribs?

1,2,11,12

23

What are the features of the first rib?

shortest rib, costochondral joint with manubrium, scalene tubercle, and subclavian vessels

24

What are the features of the second rib?

thinner, twice as long as 1st rib, and serratus anterior tuberosity

25

What are the features of the eleventh and twelfth ribs?

short, no neck or tubercle, floating, and end capped cartilage

26

What are the features of the manubrium?

jugular notch (suprasternal notch) and angle of Louis (where it meets gladiolus)

27

What are the vertebral levels of the gladiolus?

T5-T9

28

What landmarks are marked by the Xiphoid?

diaphragm, diaphragmatic surface of the liver, and inferior border of the heart

29

name the level in the cervical spine: hyoid bone

C3

30

name the level in the cervical spine: Cornu of thyroid

C4

31

name the level in the cervical spine: body of thyroid

C5

32

name the level in the cervical spine: cricoid cartilage

C6

33

name the level in the cervical spine: carotid tubercle

C6

34

what are the boundaris of the IVF?

pedicle, facets, body, and disc