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Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (55)
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1

cleft lift

incomplete fusion of maxillary/nasal strs

2

when in gestation does cleft lip occur

wk 5-8

3

et of cleft lip

congenital dt teratogen

4

how is cleft lip described

indent, fissure, uni or bilateral

5

incidence of cleft lip

1-700 life births

6

what teratogens may cause cleft lip

smoking
viral infc
folic acid def

7

cleft palate

incomplete fusion of palatine str

8

when in gestation does cleft palate occur

wk 9-12

9

what str is malformed in cleft palate

nasal str

10

occurance of cleft palate

1-2000

11

predispostions for cleft palate

smoking

12

tx for cleft palate

sx or graft

13

major issues with cleft palate

speech
breathing

14

pyloric stenosis

muslce hypertrophy and constriction at pyloric sphincter

15

what is obstructed with the constriction of the pyloric sphincter

entrance to duodenum

16

incidence of pyloric stenosis

1 in 1000 births

17

when does pyloric stenosis occur

2-8 weeks old NOT CONGENITAL

18

whats the ratio of males to females with pyloric stenosis

4:1

19

et of pyloric stenosis

idipathic

20

what 3 conditions are linked to pyloric stenosis

hypergastrinemia
PGE (prostaglandin E)
erythromycin exposure

21

which babies have inc incidence of PGE

babies with HF

22

patho of pyloric stenosis

hypertrophy -> constr -> inflm -> obstr

23

mnfts of pyloric stenosis

projectile vomitting
dehydration
malnourishment

24

dx of pyloric stenosis

Hx, Px
US
URQ palpation

25

what will an US in a babe with pyloric stenosis show

pyloric reigon enlargement

26

tx for pyloric stenosis

sx to remove excess m

27

when is there in a inc in gastroesophageal reflux

first 3m of life

28

et of gastroesophageal reflux

neuromuscular issue dt functional sphincter problem

29

what is happening with the distal esophageal sphincter in gastroesophageal reflux

incompetent and allows reflux

30

what sphincter is affected in gastroesophageal reflux

distal esophageal sphincter