Flashcards in W12_02 child-caregiver attachment relationship Deck (15)
the aspects of relationship in which one person seeks a feeling of security from another
note: john bowlby said that real life experiences in babies made the difference
what did mary ainsworth develop?
"the strange situation"
what's The Strange Situation?
a lab measure that looks at the 12-18 month infant under stress;
stress the babies by having mom leave and stranger enter. Can then see how baby reacts when the mother comes back in
note: early childhood neglect/abuse causes smaller brains, 7X increased risk of CVS disease, 10x risk of mental health issues
what does infant maltreatment lead to?
increased risk of depression;
conduct disorder + violence;
everything feels like a threat
what are the attachment classifications of infants?
what are the attachment classifications of caregivers?
what's the relationship between secure attachment and AAI?
AAI - autonomous classification
what's the relationship between avoidant attachment and AAI?
AAI - dismissive classification
what's the relationship between ambivalent attachment and AAI?
AAI - preoccupied
note: secure infants are later more independent
ignoring a crying baby won't make it more independent
what are two DSM 5 attachment disorder diagnoses?
reactive attachment disorder;
disinhibited social engagement disorder
what are characteristics of reactive attachment disorder?
pattern of inhibited, emotionally withdrawn behaviour towards adult caregivers;
persistent social/emotional disturbance;
extremes of insufficient care, including lack expectations of emotional needs, repeated changes in caregivers, rearing when there are severely limited opportunities to form selective attachments;
disturbances follow inadequate care;
onset before 5 years old;
developmental age >9 months