W12_02 child-caregiver attachment relationship Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in W12_02 child-caregiver attachment relationship Deck (15)
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1

define attachment

the aspects of relationship in which one person seeks a feeling of security from another

2

note: john bowlby said that real life experiences in babies made the difference

ok

3

what did mary ainsworth develop?

"the strange situation"

4

what's The Strange Situation?

a lab measure that looks at the 12-18 month infant under stress;
stress the babies by having mom leave and stranger enter. Can then see how baby reacts when the mother comes back in

5

note: early childhood neglect/abuse causes smaller brains, 7X increased risk of CVS disease, 10x risk of mental health issues

ok

6

what does infant maltreatment lead to?

smaller brain;
increased risk of depression;
conduct disorder + violence;
everything feels like a threat

7

what are the attachment classifications of infants?

secure;
organized insecure;
disorganized

8

what are the attachment classifications of caregivers?

responsive, sensitive;
critical,dismissive, inconsistent;
frightening, confusing

9

what's the relationship between secure attachment and AAI?

AAI - autonomous classification

10

what's the relationship between avoidant attachment and AAI?

AAI - dismissive classification

11

what's the relationship between ambivalent attachment and AAI?

AAI - preoccupied

12

note: secure infants are later more independent

ignoring a crying baby won't make it more independent

13

what are two DSM 5 attachment disorder diagnoses?

reactive attachment disorder;
disinhibited social engagement disorder

14

what are characteristics of reactive attachment disorder?

pattern of inhibited, emotionally withdrawn behaviour towards adult caregivers;
persistent social/emotional disturbance;
extremes of insufficient care, including lack expectations of emotional needs, repeated changes in caregivers, rearing when there are severely limited opportunities to form selective attachments;
disturbances follow inadequate care;
not ASD;
onset before 5 years old;
developmental age >9 months

15

what are characteristics of disinhibited social engagement disorder?

pattern of actively approaching and interacting with unfamiliar adults;
not as impulsive as ADHD;
extremes of insufficient care;
disturbance follows insufficient care;
developmental age 9 months

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