Week 4 Gluteal Region - Ach Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 4 Gluteal Region - Ach Deck (8)
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1

Sciatica

A neuritis (inflammation of the sciatic nerve) characterized by intense pain at the back of the leg and/or thigh. Be be caused by pressure on a root of the nerve (like from a herniated disc or spasm of the piriformis)

2

Intragluteal injections

superolateral quadrant! or superior to the line exteding from the posterior superior iliac spine to the superior border of the greater trochanter

3

What kind of dislocation may injury the sciatic nerve?

a posterior dislocation of the hip joint

4

Gluteus gain or limp
AKA Trendelenburg's sign

-paralyzed gluteus medius and minimus muscles due to injury of the superior gluteal nerve.

-May also be produced by congenital dislocation of hip, or a nonunion fracture of femoral neck.

-when the foot is raised on the normal side, the pelvis falls on that side, contralateral to the side of injury

5

hip pointer

bruise or contusion of iliac crest, often a result of collision sports.

6

Charley horse

contusion and tearing of muscle fibers enough to result in a thigh hematoma (collection of blood). Most common in quads. Results in localized pain and stiffness

7

Trochanteris bursitis

friction bursitis of the trochanteric bursa, usually from repetitive actions

-deep pain in lateral thigh

8

Ischial bursitis AKA weaver's bottom

friction bursitis of the ischial bursa caused by repetitive hip extension while seated (cycling or rowing).